Multi-Modal Monitoring of Acute Brain Injury

  • R. Kett-White
  • P. J. Hutchinson
  • M. Czosnyka
  • S. Boniface
  • J. D. Pickard
  • P. J. Kirkpatrick
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 27)


Objective: To review the scientific basis for and utility of the traditional cerebral monitors used currently in neurointensive care, together with research techniques that are soon likely to become used in managing severe head injury and subarachnoid haemorrhage.

Design and content: Firstly, the pathophysiology of acute brain injury including cerebral haemodynamics, oxygen and metabolism and the role of secondary insults are discussed. Secondly, the importance of assessment of cerebrovascular autoregulation and reactivity is reviewed together with methods for its continuous non-invasive measurement using transcranial Doppler and intracranial pressure/arterial pressure recordings. Thirdly, the respective roles of jugular venous oxygen and brain tissue oxygen monitoring are analysed. Fourthly, the use of cerebral microdialysis is described, together with an overview of its utility.

Conclusion: Cerebral multimodal monitoring can be helpful for the optimal management of acute brain injury and essential for future exploratory trials of neuroprotective drugs.


Cerebral Blood Flow Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Cerebral Autoregulation Severe Head Injury Acute Brain Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Kett-White
    • 1
  • P. J. Hutchinson
    • 1
  • M. Czosnyka
    • 1
  • S. Boniface
    • 1
  • J. D. Pickard
    • 1
  • P. J. Kirkpatrick
    • 1
  1. 1.Academic Neurosurgical Unit and the Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, Addenbrooke’s HospitalUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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