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Vigilance Enhancing Effect of Botulinum Toxin A (Btx A) after Local Application in Vegetative Patients with Severe Spasticity Following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

  • Th. Paehge
  • Th. Sprenkel
  • K. von Wild
Conference paper
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplements book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 79)

Abstract

ObjectivesProlonged coma, unawareness and spasticity are the main problems in Neurorehabilitation of patients after severe TBI. Early local application of Btx A may be indicated when physical therapy could not prevent contractures due to painful central spasticity. Central effects of Btx A on higher brain functions are not reported so far.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Botulinum Toxin Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Glasgow Outcome Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Reference

  1. 1.
    Wissel, Jet al(2000) Management of spasticity associated pain with Botulinum toxin A. J Pain Symptom Management: 20(1): 44–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Th. Paehge
    • 1
  • Th. Sprenkel
    • 1
  • K. von Wild
    • 1
  1. 1.Wild Neurosurgical ClinicClemenshospitalMünsterGermany

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