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Extended Endoscopic Approaches to the Skull Base

  • P. Castelnuovo
  • D. Locatelli
  • S. Mauri
  • F. De Bernardi
Chapter

Abstract

In order for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks to occur it is necessary that there be a communication between the subarachnoid space and the nose. This may result from a bone defect, a tear of the dura and arachnoid, plus apressure gradient. The first comprehensive description of a CSF leak appears to be referred to by a surgeon, Charles Miller, who described a child with hydrocephalus in 1826 [11]. Subsequently in 1884 Chiari demonstrated a connection between a pneumatocele in the frontal lobes and the ethmoid sinus, introducing a dear etiopathogenetic correlation [4].

Keywords

Sphenoid Sinus Frontal Sinus Middle Turbinate Cribriform Plate Nasal Fossa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Castelnuovo
  • D. Locatelli
  • S. Mauri
  • F. De Bernardi

There are no affiliations available

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