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Navigation pp 19-57 | Cite as

Mathematical fundamentals

  • Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
  • Klaus Legat
  • Manfred Wieser

Abstract

In three-dimensional space a triple of coordinates is needed to define the position of a point. Coordinate or reference systems are used for a consistent representation of all spatial points. If points are subject to motion relative to the reference system, then the coordinates are time-dependent. In this case, three-dimensional space is complemented by one-dimensional time.

Keywords

Zenith Angle Rotation Matrix Dead Reckoning Unknown Point International Terrestrial Reference Frame 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
    • 1
  • Klaus Legat
    • 1
  • Manfred Wieser
    • 2
  1. 1.Abteilung für Positionierung und NavigationAustria
  2. 2.Abteilung für Theoretische GeodäsieTechnische Universität GrazGrazAustria

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