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Historical review

  • Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
  • Klaus Legat
  • Manfred Wieser

Abstract

Even if the Latin roots of the word “navigation” appear restricted to seafaring, today it implies to move on land, at sea, in the air, or in space. The importance of navigation becomes immediately obvious when reflecting on its need: everybody is concerned. Not only mankind, even animals navigate to reach remote points and to return back to their homes — be it a house, a cavern, or a nest.

Keywords

Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Inertial Navigation System Thirteenth Century Magnetic Compass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
    • 1
  • Klaus Legat
    • 1
  • Manfred Wieser
    • 2
  1. 1.Abteilung für Positionierung und NavigationAustria
  2. 2.Abteilung für Theoretische GeodäsieTechnische Universität GrazGrazAustria

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