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Navigation pp 393-396 | Cite as

Critical outlook

  • Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
  • Klaus Legat
  • Manfred Wieser

Abstract

The Latin saying “citius, altius, fortius” meaning “swifter, higher, stronger” is especially applicable in sports. A success of today may be a defeat of tomorrow. The scientific development usually takes a similar course. As seen from the history in Chap. 2, the evolution of navigation from the technological point of view is fully coherent with this Latin phrase, whereas the basic objectives to be fulfilled remained the same over the centuries.

Keywords

Navigation System Integrate Navigation System Radio Navigation Autonomous Navigation System Vessel Traffic Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
    • 1
  • Klaus Legat
    • 1
  • Manfred Wieser
    • 2
  1. 1.Abteilung für Positionierung und NavigationAustria
  2. 2.Abteilung für Theoretische GeodäsieTechnische Universität GrazGrazAustria

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