Land navigation is a task of everyday life of most people, either in terms of finding a way as a pedestrian or when steering a car or other vehicle. This section deals with land vehicles; pedestrian navigation is treated in Sect. 16.2.1. In contrast to marine and aeronautic navigation, characteristic phases of navigation cannot be applied to land transport due to the greater flexibility afforded by land users when assessing their position. Land navigation requirements differ depending on what the user intends to do, the type of transport system used, and the user location (2001 FRS: p. 2-1).
KeywordsInertial Navigation System Geoidal Height Dead Reckoning Orthometric Height Mobile Robotic
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