The origins of inertial navigation date back to the 1920s. During World War II, first operational inertial guidance systems for ballistic missiles were developed in Germany. The first inertial navigation systems (INS) for aircraft use were constructed by Charles S. Draper at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1950. The development of specialized systems for inertial surveying started in the 1970s.
KeywordsInertial Navigation System Angular Rate Proof Mass Local Horizon Inertial Space
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