• Peter Brenner
  • Ghazi M. Rayan


An elastic Esmarch rubber bandage is essential to drain the vascular system. A tourniquet is used to maintain a bloodless surgical field.


Public Health Internal Medicine General Surgery Plastic Surgery Individual Case 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Brenner
    • 1
  • Ghazi M. Rayan
    • 2
  1. 1.Catholic University of LeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.University of OklahomaUSA

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