Advertisement

Contact and Creativity: The Gestalt Cycle in Context

  • Gordon Wheeler

Abstract

Creativity may be usefully defined as the capacity to generate novel solutions to problems, which includes of course the ability to see the world in problem-solving terms in the first place. Clearly, this creative capacity is the defining characteristic of our species, an extremely young branch of the primate order, which has managed to arise and then spread over the entire planet in the course of only 3000 or so generations, a mere blink of evolutionary time. This capacity, in turn, rests in some way on our biological history: specifically, the remarkably rapid expansion of brain tissue in our ancestral line, in which the neocortex together with its infoldings has multiplied some fourfold in surface area in the brief evolutionary window of only a couple of million years (Calvin, 2002). Plainly, a pace this rapid points to a strong positive feedback loop between adaptation and evolutionary pressure, one in which each new degree of development opens up new environmental territory, which then exerts strong selective pressure for expansion of that new capacity, in the recursive way of evolution. It is this expansion, together with accompanying reorganization, that has both permitted and been driven by the growth and elaboration of imaginal power and the nesting of active and long-term memory, which are key to our ability to experiment - i.e., to create and try out these novel solutions flexibly, both in our heads“ and in the ”real world“.

Keywords

Creative Process Outer World Social Field Imaginal Power Experimental Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brecht B (1967) Die Dialektik auf dem Theater. In: Schriften zum Theater, Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt a.Main, pp 867–941Google Scholar
  2. Calvin W (2002) A brain for all seasons. Univ of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  3. Ehrlich P (2000) Human natures: Genes, cultures, and the human prospect. Island Press, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  4. Fodor I (1996) A woman and her body: The cycles of pride and shame. In: Lee R, Wheeler G (eds) The voice of shame: Silence and connection in psychotherapy. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, pp 229–268Google Scholar
  5. Fogel A (1993) Developing through relationship. Univ of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  6. Goodman P (2003) Novelty, excitement and growth (volume 2 of Gestalt therapy). In:Wheeler G (ed) Reading Paul Goodman: Gestalt for our times. The Analytic Press/Ge-staltPress, Hillsdale, New Jersey, pp 201–423Google Scholar
  7. Kaufman G (1980) Shame: The power of caring. Shenckman, Rochester VermontGoogle Scholar
  8. Kent-Ferraro J, Wheeler G (2003) ADD: A Gestalt perspective. In: Wheeler G, McConville M (eds) The heart of development: Gestalt approaches to working with children, adolescents & their worlds, vol I: Childhood. The Analytic Press/GestaltPress, Hillsdale New Jersey, pp 199–238Google Scholar
  9. Kohut H (1977) The restoration of self. International Universities Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Lee R (1994) Couples’ shame: The unaddressed issue. In: Wheeler G, Backman S (eds) Onintimate ground: A Gestalt approach to working with couples. Jossey-Bass, San Fran-cisco, pp 262–290Google Scholar
  11. Lewin K (1936) Principles of topological psychology. McGraw-Hill, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Melnick J, Nevis S (1994) Intimacy and power in long-term relationships: A Gestalt ther-apy-systems perspective. In: Wheeler G, Backman S (eds) On intimate ground: A Ge-stalt approach to working with couples. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, pp 291–308Google Scholar
  13. Nevis E (1987) Organizational consulting: A Gestalt approach. Gardner Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Perls F, Hefferline R, Goodman P (1951) Gestalt therapy: Excitement and growth in the human personality. Julian Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Stern D (1985) The interpersonal world of the infant. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Sullivan HS (1953) Interpersonal theory of psychiatry. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Wheeler G (1991) Gestalt reconsidered: A new approach to contact and resistance. Gardner Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Wheeler G (1996) Self and shame: A new paradigm for psychotherapy. In: Lee R, Wheeler G (eds) The voice of shame: Silence and connection in psychotherapy. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, pp 23–60Google Scholar
  19. Wheeler G (2000) Beyond individualism: Toward a new understanding of self, relation-ship, & experience. The Analytic Press/GestaltPress, Hillsdale, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  20. Winnicott D (1965) The child, the family, & the outside world. Penguin, Harmondsworth,United KingdomGoogle Scholar
  21. Zinker J (1977) Creative process in Gestalt therapy. Brunner/Mazel, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordon Wheeler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations