Structure and Function in Cilia and Flagella

Facts and Problems
  • Peter Satir
Part of the Protoplasmatologia Handbuch der Protoplasmaforschung book series (PROTOPLASMATOL., volume 3 / E,F)


Cilia and possibly flagella were first observed by Leeuwenhoek (1677, 1679) toward the end of the seventeenth century. The case for Leeuwenhoek’s priority of discovery of cilia has been elegantly presented by Dobell (1958). The accuracy of Leeuwenhoek’s observations has been noted by Hughes (1959) who has also remarked upon the general hiatus in important microscopical observation throughout the eighteenth century, partially based on the technical limitations of available instruments.


Basal Body Central Pair Recovery Stroke Ciliary Movement Sperm Tail 


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© Spinger-Verlag/Wien 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Satir
    • 1
  1. 1.Whitman Laboratory, Dept. of ZoologyUniversity of ChicagoUSA

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