Advertisement

Tethys — the evolution of an idea

  • Heinz A. Kollmann
Part of the Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Schriftenreihe der Erdwissenschaftlichen Kommissionen book series (ERDWISSENSCHAFT, volume 9)

Abstract

Tethys in its original meaning was understood by Eduard Suess as the ancient sea separating Angaraland from Gondwanaland. Contrasting to this paleogeographic conception, “Tethys” and “Tethyan” are currently used with different meanings in tectonics and paleo-biogeography. In paleobiogeography, Tethys is understood as a realm with varying extension. This dynamic conception is in contrast to the conception of the stable Cretaceous Mesogée by Dou-villé (1900).

Keywords

Fossil Assemblage Shallow Marine Environment Tethys Ocean Tethyan Realm Fossil Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ager, D. V. (1967): Some Mesozoic brachiopods in the Tethys region. — Systematics Ass. Publ. 7, Aspects of Tethyan biogeography (ed: C. G. Adams & D. V. Ager): 135-151.Google Scholar
  2. Berggren, W. A., & Hollister, C. D. (1974): Paleogeography. paleobiography and history of circulation in the Atlantic Ocean. — Studies in Paleo-Oceanography, Soc. Econ. Paleont. Mineralog., Spec. Publ., 20: 126–186.Google Scholar
  3. Biju-Duval, B., Dercourt, J., & Pichon, X. LE (1977): From the Tethys ocean to the Mediterranean seas: a plate tectonic model of the evolution of the Western alpine system.— Int. Symp. on the structural history of the Mediterranean Basins, Split. B. Biju-Duval and L. Montadert, Eds. Editions Technip, pp. 143-164.Google Scholar
  4. Bittner, A. (1896): Bemerkungen zur neuesten Xomenclatur der alpinen Trias. — pp. 1-32.Google Scholar
  5. Dacqué, E. (1926): Paläogeographie. pp. 1-196.Google Scholar
  6. Dana, J. D. (1875): Manual of Geology, 2nd edition. pp. I-XVI, 1-828.Google Scholar
  7. Dewey, J. F., Pitman III, W. C., Ryan, W. B. F., Bonnin, J. (1973): Plate tectonics and the evolution of the Alpine system. — Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 84/10: 3137–3180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diener, K. (1925): Grundzüge der Biostratigraphie. — pp. 1-304.Google Scholar
  9. Donovan, D. T. (1967): The geographical distribution of Lower Jurassic ammonites in Europe and adjacent areas. — Systematics Ass. Publ. 7, Aspects of Tethyan biogeography (ed: C. G. Adams & D. V. Ager): 111-134.Google Scholar
  10. Douvillé, H. (1900): Sur la distribution géographique des rudistes, des orbitolines et des orbitoides. — Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr. (3), 28: 222–235.Google Scholar
  11. Gignoux, M. (1950): Géologie Stratigraphique. — pp. I-VII, 1-735.Google Scholar
  12. Guembel, F. (1888): Geologie von Bayern 1: Grundzüge der Geologie. pp. I-XVI, 1-1142.Google Scholar
  13. Hall, J. (1859): Geological Survey of Xew York. Palaeontology, vol. III. — pp. 1–532.Google Scholar
  14. Haug, E. (1900): Les géosynclinaux et les aires continentales, contribution á l’étude des transgressions et des régressions marines. — Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr. (3), 28: 617–711. Paris.Google Scholar
  15. Jenkyns, H. C. (1980): Tethys: past and present. — Proc. Geol. Ass., 91: 107–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kauffman, E. G. (1973): Cretaceous Bivalves. In: Atlas of Palaeobiogeography (A. Hallam, ed.). pp. 353-383.Google Scholar
  17. Kauffman, E. G., & Johnson, C. (1988): The morphological and ecological evolution of the Middle and Upper Cretaceous reef-building rudistids. — Palaios, 5/3: 194–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kennedy, W. J., & Cobban, W. A. (1976): Aspects of Ammonite biogeography, and biostratigraphy. — Spec. Pap. Palaeont., 17: 1–94.Google Scholar
  19. Kossmat, F. (1936): Paläogeographie und Tektonik. — pp. I-XXIII, 1-413.Google Scholar
  20. Laubscher, H., & Bernoulli, D. (1973): Mediterranean and Tethys. — The ocean basins and margins (A. E. M. Nairn and W. H. Kanes, ed.) 4A: 1-28.Google Scholar
  21. Masse, J.-P. (1985): Paléobiogéographie des Rudistes du domaine péri-méditerranéenne à l’Aptien inférieur. — Bull. Soc. géol. France (8), 1/5: 715–721.Google Scholar
  22. Masse, J.-P. (this volume): The Lower Cretaceous Mesogee: The state of the art.Google Scholar
  23. Naidin, D. P. (1986): Tetis: Termin i ponjatie (Tethys-terminus and meaning). — Vestn. Moskv. Un-ta, ser. 4. (Geol.), 6: 3–18.Google Scholar
  24. Neumayr, M. (1883): Über klimatische Zonen während der Jura-und Kreidezeit. — Denkschr. Akad. Wiss., mathem.-naturw. Kl., 57: 277–310.Google Scholar
  25. Neumayr, M. (1887): Erdgeschichte Vol. 2: Beschreibende Geologie. pp. I-XI, 1-879.Google Scholar
  26. Philip, J. (1985): Sur les relations des marges téthysiennes au Campanien et au Maastrichtien déduites de la distribution des Rudistes. — Bull. Soc. géol. France (8), 1/5: 723–731.Google Scholar
  27. Rakus, M., Dercourt, J., Nairn, A. E. M. (1989): Evolution of the Northern Margin of the Tethys. Vol. 1-3. Mém. Soc. géol. France, N. S., 154. Paris.Google Scholar
  28. Schuchert, Ch. (1910): Paleogeography of North America. — Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., 20: 427–606.Google Scholar
  29. Schuchert, Ch. (1935): Historical Geology of the Antillean-Caribbean region. — pp. I-XXVI, 1-811.Google Scholar
  30. Smith, A. G. (1971): Alpine deformation and the oceanic areas of the Tethys, Mediterranean and Atlantic. — Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 82/8: 2039–2070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sohl, N. F. (1971): North American Cretaceous Biotic Provinces delineated by gastropods. — Proc. North Am. Paleont. Convention, part L: 1610–1638.Google Scholar
  32. Sohl, N. J. (1987): Cretaceous gastropods: Contrasts between Tethys and the Temperate provir es. — Journ. Paleont., 61/6: 1085–1111.Google Scholar
  33. Staub, J. (1924): Der Bau der Alpen. Versuch einer Synthese. — Beitr. Geol. Karte d. Schv eiz, N. F., 52: 1–272.Google Scholar
  34. Staub R. (1928): Der Bewegungsmechanismus der Erde. — pp. VIII, 1-270.Google Scholar
  35. Suess E. (1893): Are great ocean depths permanent? — Nat. Sci., 2: 180–187.Google Scholar
  36. Suess, E. (1901): Das Antlitz der Erde, vol. III/l, pp. 1–508.Google Scholar
  37. Uhi G, V. (1911): Die marinen Reiche des Jura und der Unterkreide. — Mitt. Geol. Ges. Vien, 4: 329–448.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz A. Kollmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Naturhistorisches MuseumViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations