PCR analysis of HBV infected sera: relationship between expression of pre-S antigens and viral replication
In order to determine the biological significance of the pre-S antigens in HBV infection, HBsAg sera were tested for the presence of pre-S 1 and pre-S2. HBV DNA was detected by spot-hybridization and PCR. The data show a complete correlation between pre-S antigenemia and HBV DNA replication in anti-HBe positive cases. PCR but not spot-hybridization was adequately sensitive to also detect HBV DNA in roughly half of the preS negative sera as well. Thus PCR appears to be a valuable technique for detection of potentially infectious anti-HBe carriers.
KeywordsSouthern Blot Hybridization Negative Seron Complete Correlation Enzyme Immunoassay Method Enzyme Immune Assay
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.