Accumulation of Second-Order Strain in Workhardening Media

  • A. M. Freudenthal
  • Maria Ronay
Conference paper
Part of the IUTAM Symposia book series (IUTAM)


Observations of accumulating axial extension produced by cyclic torsion of cylindrical bars and tubes of some workhardening metals are presented. The phenomenon is interpreted as an irreversible second order effect arising from the quadratic term in the constitutive equation of such media required by the condition of tensorial invariance.


Shear Strain Axial Strain Cyclic Creep Axial Extension Axial Elongation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Freudenthal
    • 1
  • Maria Ronay
    • 1
  1. 1.New YorkUSA

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