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Chemical Control of Excitable Membranes during Electrical Activity

  • David Nachmansohn
Conference paper

Abstract

Excitable membranes are endowed with the «special ability to change rapidly permeability to ions. The ion movements thereby effected are the carriers of electric currents which propagate nerve impulses along nerve and muscle fibers. There is no alternative to the assumption that these extremely precise, specific, rapid and reversible changes of the membrane permeability are controlled by chemical reactions. The small initial heat during the activity of nerve fibers, measured some 40 years ago by A. V. Hill and his associates, was attributed by H o d g ki n [1], in 1951, to ion mixing, thereby excluding chemical processes. The recent heat production measurements of A. V. Hill and his associates [2] have virtually eliminated this interpretation.

Keywords

Giant aXons Mount Sinai Hospital Excitable Membrane Ranvier Node Cement Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Nachmansohn
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Neurology and Biochemistry, College of Physicians and SurgeonsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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