Although the virus diseases of insects have been known for many years, investigation of them has been rather spasmodic and it was not until the development of the electron microscope that our knowledge of these viruses began to expand. There are several distinct kinds of viruses affecting insects, and with further investigations, no doubt others will be discovered.


Insect Cell Insect Virus Virus Inclusion Granulosis Virus Tiger Moth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balch, R. E., and F. T. Bird, 1944: A disease of the European Spruce Sawfly, Gilpina hercyniae and its place in natural control. Sci. Agrie. 25, 65–80.Google Scholar
  2. Bergold, G. H., 1943: Über Polyederkrankheiten bei Insekten. Biol. Zbl. 63, 1.Google Scholar
  3. Bergold, G. H., 1947: Die Isolierung des Polyeder-Virus und die Natur der Polyeder. Z. Naturforsch. 26, 122.Google Scholar
  4. Bergold, G. H., 1948: Über die Kapselvirus-Krankheit. Z. Naturforsch. 3 b, 338–342.Google Scholar
  5. Bergold, G. H., 1953: Insect Viruses, in Advances in Virus Research, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Bird, F. T., 1953: The effect of metamorphosis on the multiplication of an insect virus. Canad. J. Zool. 31, 300–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bird, F. T., 1957: On the development of insect viruses. Virology 3, 237–242.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bird, F. T., and M. M. Whalen, 1953: A virus disease of the European pine sawfly, Neodiprion sertifer (Geoffr.). Canad. Entomol. 85, 433–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chapman, J. W., and R. W. Glaser, 1915: A preliminary list of insects which have wilt, with a comparative study of their polyhedra. J. Econ. Entomol. 8, 140–150.Google Scholar
  10. Day, M. F., I. F. B. Common, J. L. Farrant, and C. Potter, 1953: A polyhedral disease of a pasture caterpillar, Pterolocera amplicornis Walker. Austral. J. exper. Biol. a. med. Sci. 6, 574–579.Google Scholar
  11. Hughes, K. M., 1953: The development of an insect virus within cells of its host. Hilgardia 22, 391–406.Google Scholar
  12. Komarek, J., and V. Breindl, 1924: Die Wipfelkrankheit der Nonne und der Erreger derselben. Z. angew. Entomol. 10, 99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lotmar, R., 1941: Die Polyederkrankheit der Kleidermotte (Tineola bisselliella). Mitt. Schweizer, entomol. Ges. 18, 372.Google Scholar
  14. Mazis, D., P. A. Brewer, and M. Alfert, 1953: Biol. Bull. 104, 57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Morgan, C., G. H. Bergold, and H. M. Rose, 1956: Use of serial sections to delineate the structure of Porthetria dispar virus in the electron microscope. J. Biophysic a. Biochem. Cytol. 2, 23–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Paillot, A., 1924: Sur une nouvelle maladie des chenilles de Pieris brassicae. C. r. Acad. Sci. Paris 179, 1353–1356.Google Scholar
  17. Paillot, A., 1934: Un nouveau type de maladie ä ultravirus diez les insectos. C. r. Acad. Sci. Paris 198, 204–205.Google Scholar
  18. Paillot, A., and A. Gratia, 1939: Essai d’isolement du virus de la grasserie des vers ä soie par rultracentrifligation. Arch. ges. Virusforsch. 1, 120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Prowazek, S. von. 1907: Clamydozoa 11. Gelbsucht der Scidenraupen. Arch. Protistenk, 10, 358.Google Scholar
  20. Rennie, J., 1923: Polyhedral disease in Tipula paludosa (Meig.). Proc. r. Phvs. Soc. Edin. 20, 265–267.Google Scholar
  21. Smith, Kenneth M., 1954: What is a virus? Proc. roy. Instn. 35, 832.Google Scholar
  22. Smith, Kenneth M., 1955 a: Intranuclear changes in the polyhedrosis of Tipula paludosa (Meig.). Parasitology 45, 482–487.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Smith, Kenneth M., 1955 b: Morphology and development of insect viruses. In Adv. Vir. Res. III, 199–220, Acad. Press, N.Y.Google Scholar
  24. Smith, Kenneth M., 1956: The structure of insect virus particles. J. Biophysic. a. Biochem. Cytol. 2, 301–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Smith, Kenneth M., and C. F. Rivers, 1956: Some viruses affecting insects of economic importance. Parasitology 46, 235–242.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Smith, Kenneth M., and R. W. G. Wyckoff, 1951: Electron microscopy of insect viruses. Research. Lond. 4, 148–155.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Smith, Kenneth M., R. W. G. Wyckoff, and N. Xeros, 1953: Polyhedral virus diseases affecting the larvae of the privet hawk moth (Sphinx ligusiri). Parasitology 42, 287–289.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Smith, Kenneth M., R. W. G. Wyckoff, and N. Xeros, 1953 a: Studies on the cross-transmission of polyhedral viruses: experiments with a new virus from Pyrameis cardui, the painted lady butterfly. Parasitology 43, 178–185.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Smith, Kenneth M., R. W. G. Wyckoff, 1953 b: Cross-inoculation studies with polyhedral viruses. Sympos. Interaction of Viruses and Cells, Istiituto Superiore di Sanitä, Rome.Google Scholar
  30. Smith, Kenneth M., R. W. G. Wyckoff, 1953 c: The development of virus in the cell nucleus. Nature, Lond. 172, 670.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Smith, Kenneth M., R. W. G. Wyckoff, 1954 a: Electron and light microscope studies of the development of the virus rods of insect polyhedroses. Parasitology 44, 71–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Smith, Kenneth M., R. W. G. Wyckoff, 1954 b: A comparative study of different types of viruses and their capsules in the polyhedroses and granuloses of insects. Parasitology 44, 400–406.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Smith, Kenneth M., and N. Xeros, 1954 c: An unusual virus of a dipterous larva. Nature, Lond. 173, 866–867.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Steinhaus, E. A., 1947: A new disease of the variegated cutworm, Peridroma margaritosa (Haw.). Science 106, 323.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wasser, H. B., 1952: An insect virus without intracellular inclusions. J. Bacter. (Am.) 64, 787–792.Google Scholar
  36. Wellington, E. F., 1951: Amino acids of two insect viruses. Biochim. et Biophys. Acta 7, 238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wildermuth, Y. L., 1914: The alfalfa caterpillar (Eurymus eurytheme). U. S. D. A. Bur. Entomol. Circ. 133, 1–14.Google Scholar
  38. Williams, R. C., and Kenneth M. Smith, 1957: A crystallizable insect virus. Nature, Lond. 179, 119–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xeros, N., 1952: Cytoplasmic polyhedral virus diseases. Nature, Lond. 170, 1073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Xeros, N., 1954: A second virus disease of the leather jacket, Tipula paludosa. Nature, Lond. 174, 562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Xeros, N., 1956: The virogenic stroma in nuclear and cytoplasmic polyhedroses. Nature. Lond. 178, 412–413.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag in Vienna 1958

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth M. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Virus Research Unit (Agricultural Research Council), Molteno InstituteCambridge UniversityCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations