Viruses are recognized operationally as infectious agents by their ability to produce recognizable alterations in living cells and tissues. The field of virus biology, and especially of virus multiplication, reflects the methodological consequences of the operational definition of viruses as infectious agents. Thus, evidence of virus multiplication requires evidence of the production of infectious virus in increased amounts. Even when we study the reproduction of viral materials in a more-or-less persistent noninfectious form (such as the “prophage” form of bacteriophage) we depend, for proof of the presence and multiplication of the viral material, on the ultimate production of some infectious virus. Only occasionally can we infer complete or partial phenomena of viral multiplication by indirect observations, such as multiplication of elements resembling known virus particles in morphological or physic-chemical properties.


Influenza Virus Virus Particle Newcastle Disease Virus Tobacco Mosaic Virus Plant Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ackermann, W. W., and T. Francis Jr., 1954: Characteristics of Viral Development in Isolated Animal Tissues. Adv. Virus Res. 2, 81–108.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ackermann, W. W., and H. Kurtz, 1955: Observations Concerning a Persisting Infection of HeLa Cells with Poliomyelitis Virus. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 102, 555–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ackermann, W. W., and F. E. Payne, 1957: Action of Immune Serum upon a Cell-Virus Complex. Fed. Proc. 16, 404.Google Scholar
  4. Ackermann, W. W., A. Rabson, and H. Kurtz, 1954: Growth Characteristics of Poliomyelitis Virus in HeLa Cell Cultures: Lack of Parallelism in Cellular Injury and Virus Increase. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 100, 437–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ada, G. L., 1957: Ribonucleic Acid in Influenza Virus. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  6. Ada, G. L., and A. Gottschalk, 1956: The Component Sugars of the Influenza-Virus Particle. Biochem. J. 62, 686–689.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Adams, M. H., 1954: Abortive Infection with Viruses. In: Hartman, Horsfall, and Kidd. The Dynamics and Rickettsial Infections. New York.Google Scholar
  8. Adams, M. H., and B. H. Park, 1956: An Enzyme Produced by a Phage-Host Cell System. II. The Properties of Polysaccharide Depolymerase. Virology 2, 719–736.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Adams, M. H., and F. E. Wassermann, 1956: Frequency Distribution of Phage Release in the One-Step Growth Experiment. Virology 2, 96–108.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Anderson, S. G., 1954: The Growth Curve of Vaccinia Virus on the Chorioallantois. Austral. J. exper. Biol. a. Med. Sci. 32, 633–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Andrewes, C. H., and D. M. Horstmann, 1949: The Susceptibility of Viruses to Ethyl Ether. J. gen. Microbiol. 3, 290–297.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Arber, W., G. Kellenberger et J. Weigle, 1957: La défectuosité du phage lambda transducteur. Schweiz, allg. Path. Bakt. 20, 659–665.Google Scholar
  13. Avery, O. T., C. M. MacLeod, and M. McCarty, 1944: Studies on the Chemical Nature of the Substance Inducing Transformation of Pneumococcal Types. J. exper. Med. (Am.). 79, 137–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Baker, R. F., F. Rapp, E. A. Grogan, and I. Gordon, 1957: Visualization of Measles Virus in Human Cells. Bact. Proc. 10, 76.Google Scholar
  15. Baluda, M. A., 1957: Heterologous Interference by Ultraviolet-Inactivated Newcastle Disease Virus. Virology 4, 72–96.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Barner, H. D., and S. S. Cohen, 1954: The Induction of Thymine Synthesis by T 2 Infection of a Thymine Requiring Mutant of Escherichia coli. J. Bact. 68, 80–88.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Basler, E., Jr., and B. Commoner, 1956: The Effect of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Biosynthesis on the Nucleic Acid Content of Tobacco Leaf. Virology 2, 13–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bauer, D. J., 1953: Metabolic Aspects of Virus Multiplication. In: The Nature of Virus Multiplication. Symp. Soc. Gen. Microbiol. Cambridge, England.Google Scholar
  19. Bawden, F. C., 1950: Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases. Waltham, Mass.Google Scholar
  20. Bawden, F. C., 1956: Reversible, Host-Induced Changes in a Strain of Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Nature 177, 302–304.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bawden, F. C.,1957: The Multiplication of Plant Viruses. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  22. Bawden, F. C., and B. D. Harrison, 1955: Studies on the Multiplication of a Tobacco Necrosis Virus in Inoculated Leaves of French-Bean Plants. J. gen. Microbiol. 13, 494–508.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Bawden, F. C., and B. Kassanis, 1949: Some Effects of Host-Plant Nutrition on the Multiplication of Viruses. Ann. Appl. Biol. 37, 215–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Bawden, F. C., and A. Kleczkowski, 1955: Studies on the Ability of Light to Counteract the Inactivating Action of Ultraviolet Radiation on Plant Viruses. J. gen. Microbiol. 13, 370–382.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Beard, J. W., D. G. Sharp, and E. A. Eckert, 1955: Tumor Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 3, 149–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Bennett, C. W., 1953: Interactions between Viruses and Virus Strains. Adv. Virus Res. 1, 39–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Benzer, S., 1955: Fine Structure of a Genetic Region in Bacteriophage. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 41, 344–354.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Benzer, S., 1957: The Elementary Units of Heredity. In: McElroy and Glass, The Chemical Basis of Heredity. Baltimore.Google Scholar
  29. Bergold, G. H., 1953: Insect Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 1, 91–139.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Bergold, G. H., 1953: The Multiplication of Insect Viruses. In: The Nature of Virus Multiplication. Symp. Soc. Gen. Microbiol., London.Google Scholar
  31. Bergold, G. H., and E. F. Wellington, 1954: Isolation and Chemical Composition of the Membranes of an Insect Virus and their Relation to the Virus and Polyhedral Bodies. J. Bacter. (Am.) 67, 210–216.Google Scholar
  32. Berry, G. P., and H. M. Dedrick, 1936: A Method for Changing the Virus of Rabbit Fibroma (Shope) into that of Infectious Myxomatosis (Sanarelli). J. Bacter. (Am.) 31, 50–51.Google Scholar
  33. Bertani, G., 1953: Lysogenic versus Lytic Cycle of Phage Multiplication. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 65–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Bertani, G., 1954: Studies on Lysogenesis. III. Superinfection of Lysogenic Shigella dysenteriae with Temperate Mutants of the Carried Phage. J. Bacter. (Am.) 67, 696–707.Google Scholar
  35. Bertani, G., 1957: A “Dismune” Mutant of Temperate Phage P 2. Bact. Proc. 10, 38–39.Google Scholar
  36. Bertani, G., 1958: Lysogeny. Adv. Virus Res. 5 (in press).Google Scholar
  37. Bertani, L. E., 1957: The Effect of the Inhibition of Protein Synthesis on the Establishment of Lysogeny. Virology 4, 53–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Best, R. J., and H. P. C. Gallus, 1955: Further Evidence for the Transfer of Character-Determinants (Recombination) between Strains of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus. Enzymologia 17, 207–221.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Beveridge, W. I. B., and F. M. Burnet, 1946: The Cultivation of Viruses and Rickettsiae in the Chick Embryo. Med. Res. Counc. Rep. Series No. 256.Google Scholar
  40. Bird, F. T., 1957: On the Development of Insect Viruses. Virology 3, 237–242.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Black, L. M., 1953: Viruses that Reproduce in Plants and Insects. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 56, 398–413.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Black, L. M., and M. K. Brakke, 1954: Serological Reactions of a Plant Virus Transmitted by Leafhopper. Phytopath. 44, 282.Google Scholar
  43. Bland, J. O. W., and C. F. Robinow, 1939: The Inclusion Bodies of Vaccinia and their Relationship to the Elementary Bodies Studied in Cultures of the Rabbit’s Cornea. J. Path. a. Bacter. 48, 381–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Brenner, S., 1957: Genetic Control and Phenotypic Mixing of the Adsorption Cofactor Requirement in Bacteriophages T 2 and T 4. Virology 3, 560–574.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Bresch, C., 1955: Zum Paarungsmechanismus von Bakteriophagen. Z. Naturforsch. 10 b, 545–561.Google Scholar
  46. Bresch, C., and T. Trautner, 1955: Zur Kinetik der Rekombinantenbildung bei Tl-Bakteriophagen. Z. Naturforsch. 10 b, 436–440.Google Scholar
  47. Brown, G. L.. and N. Symonds, 1951: Chemical Basis of Heredity. Discussion of paper by Levinthal and Thomas (see reference).Google Scholar
  48. Burnet, F. M., 1951: Mucoproteins in Relation to Virus Action. Physiol. Rev. (Am.) 31, 131–150.Google Scholar
  49. Burnet, F. M., 1955: Principles of Animal Virology. New York.Google Scholar
  50. Burnet, F. M., 1956: Structure of Influenza Virus. Science 123, 1101–1104.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Burnet, F. M., and J. O. Stone, 1947: The Receptor Destroying Enzyme of V. cholerae. Austral. J. exper. Biol. a. Med. Sci. 25, 227–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Cairns, H. J. F., 1957: The Asynchrony of Infection by Influenza Virus. Virology 3, 1–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Cairns, H. J. F., and P. J. Mason, 1953: Production of Influenza A Virus in the Cells of the Allantois. I. Immunol. 71, 38–40.Google Scholar
  54. Chambers, V. C., 1957: The Prolonged Persistence of Western Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus in Cultures of Strain L Cells. Virology 3, 62–75.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Chase, M., and A. D. Doermann, 1958: High Negative Interference over Short Segments of the Genetic Structure of Bacteriophage T4. Genetics (in press).Google Scholar
  56. Cieciura, S. J., P. I. Marcus, and T. T. Puck, 1957: The Use of X-Irradiated HeLa Cell Giants to Detect Latent Virus in Mammalian Cells. Virology 3, 426–428.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Clark, P. F., 1949: The Influence of Nutrition on Experimental Virus Infection. Bacter. Rev. 13, 122–127.Google Scholar
  58. Cohen, S. S., 1949: Growth Requirements of Bacterial Viruses. Bacter. Rev. 13, 1–24.Google Scholar
  59. Cohen, S. S., 1953: Studies on Controlling Mechanisms in the Metabolism of Virus-Infected Bacteria. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 221–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Colter, I. S., H. H. Bird, R. A. Brown, 1957: Infectivity of Ribonucleic Acid from Ehrlich Ascites Tumour Cells Infected with Mengo Encephalitis. Nature 179, 859–860.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Commoner, B., and P. M. Dietz, 1952: Changes in Non-Protein Nitrogen Metabolism during Tobacco Mosaic Virus Biosynthesis. I. gen. Physiol. (Am.) 35, 847–856.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Commoner, B., J. A. Lippincott, G. B. Shearer, E. E. Richman, and I. H. Wu, 1956: Reconstitution of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Components. Nature 178, 767–771.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Commoner, B., and F. L. Mercer, 1952: The Effect of Thiouracil on the Rate of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Biosynthesis. Arch. Biochem. Biophysics 35, 278–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. P. Merrill, and A. J. Zimmer, 1950: Microanalytical Determination of the Rate of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Synthesis in Tobacco Leaf Tissue. Arch. Biochemistry 27, 271–286.Google Scholar
  65. P. Merrill, P. Newmark, and S. D. Rodenberg, 1952: An Electrophoretic Analysis of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Biosynthesis. Arch. Biochem. Biophysics 37, 15–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. P. Merrill, D. L. Scheiber, and P. M. Dietz, 1953: Relationships between Tobacco Mosaic Virus Biosynthesis and the Nitrogen Metabolism of the Host. J. gen. Physiol. (Am.) 36, 807–830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Coons, A. H., 1957: The Morphological Aspects of Virus Infections of Cells as Revealed by Fluorescent Antibody. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  68. Crick, F. H. C., and J. D. Watson, 1957: Virus Structure: General Principles. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  69. Delbrück M., and W. T. Bailey Jr., 1946: Induced Mutations in Bacterial Viruses. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 11, 33–37.Google Scholar
  70. Delbrück M., and G. S. Stent, 1957: On the Mechanism of DNA Replication. In: McElroy and Glass, The Chemical Basis of Heredity. Baltimore.Google Scholar
  71. Delwiche, C. C., P. Newmark, W. N. Takahashi, and M. J. Ng, 1955: The Relationship between Tobacco Mosaic Virus and an Accompanying Abnormal Protein. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 16, 127–136.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. DeMars, R. I., 1955: The Production of Phage-Related Materials when Bacteriophage Development is Interrupted by Proflavine. Virology 1, 83–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Doermann, A. H., 1952: The Intracellular Growth of Bacteriophage. I. Liberation of Intracellular Bacteriophage T4 by Premature Lysis with Another Phage or with Cyanide. J. gen. Physiol. (Am.) 35, 645–656.Google Scholar
  74. Doermann, A. H., 1953: The Vegetative State in the Life Cycle of Bacteriophage: Evidence for its Occurrence and its Genetic Characterization. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 3–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Doermann, A. H., M. Chase, and F. W. Stahl, 1955: Genetic Recombination and Replication in Bacteriophage. I. cellul. a. comp. Physiol. (Am.) 45 (Suppl. 2), 51–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Donald, H. B., and A. Isaacs, 1954: Some Properties of Influenza Virus Filaments Shown by Electron Microscopic Particle Counts. J. gen. Microbiol. 11, 325–331.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Dulbecco, R., 1950: Experiments on Photoreactivation of Bacteriophages Inactivated with Ultraviolet Radiation. J. Bacter. (Am.) 59, 329–347.Google Scholar
  78. Dulbecco, R., 1952: Production of Plaques in Monolayer Tissue Cultures by Single Particles of an Animal Virus. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 38, 747–752.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Dulbecco, R., 1957: Quantitative Aspects of Virus Growth in Cultivated Animal Cells. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  80. Dulbecco, R., and M. Vogt, 1953: Some Problems of Animal Virology as Studied by the Plaque Technique. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 273–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Dulbecco, R., and M. Vogt, 1954: One Step Growth Curve of Western Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus on Chicken Embryo Cells Grown in Vitro and Analysis of Virus Yields from Single Cell. I. exper. Med. (Am.) 99, 183–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Dulbecco, R., and M. Vogt,1955: Biological Properties of Poliomyelitis Viruses as Studied by the Plaque Technique. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 61, 790–800.Google Scholar
  83. Dunn, D. B., and J. D. Smith 1954: Incorporation of Halógena ted Pyrimidines into the Desoxyribonucleic Acids of Bacterium coli and its Bacteriophage. Nature 174, 305–306.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Duran-Reynals, F., 1940: A Hemorrhagic Disease Occurring in Chicks Inoculated with Rous and Fujinami Viruses. Yale J. Biol. Med. 13, 77–98.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Eagle, H., and K. Habel, 1956: The Nutritional Requirements for the Propagation of Poliomyelitis Virus by the HeLa Cell. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 104, 271–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Edgar, R., 1956: Mutation and Recombination of the Host Range Genetic Region of Phage T2. Quoted by: Streisinger and Franklin, Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 21, 103–111.Google Scholar
  87. Enders, J. F., 1949: Remarks on Cellular Resistance to Mammalian Viruses. Feder. Proc. 8, 625–630.Google Scholar
  88. Ephrussi, B., 1953: Nucleo-Cytoplasmic Relations in Micro-Organisms. Oxford.Google Scholar
  89. Fazekas de St. Groth S., 1948: Viropexis, the Mechanism of Influenza Virus Infection. Nature 162, 294–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Flewett, T. H., and C. E. Challice, 1951: The Intracellular Growth of Fowl-Plague Virus; a Phase-Contrast and Electron Microscopical Study of Infected Tissue Cultures. J. gen. Microbiol. 5, 279–286.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Fraenkel-Conrat, H., 1956: The Role of the Nucleic Acid in the Reconstitution of Active Tobacco Mosaic Virus. I. Amer. Chem. Soc. 78, 882–883.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Fraenkel-Conrat, H., and R. C. Williams, 1955: Reconstitution of Active Tobacco Mosaic Virus from its Inactive Protein and Nucleic Acid Components. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 41, 690–698.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Franklin, R. E., A. Klug, and K. C. Holmes, 1957: X-ray Diffraction Studies of the Structure and Morphology of Tobacco Mosaic Virus. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  94. Franklin, R. M., H. Rubin, and C. A. Davis, 1957: The Production, Purification, and Properties of Newcastle Disease Virus Labeled with Radiophosphorus. Virologv 3, 96–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Friedkin, M., 1954: Enzymatic Synthesis of Azaguanine Riboside and Azaguanine Desoxyriboside. J. Biol. Chem. 209, 295–301.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Frisch-Niggemeyer, W., 1956: Effect of Ionizing Radiations on Serum Complement and Enzymes. Nature 178, 307–308.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Frisch-Niggemeyer, W., and L. Hoyle, 1956: The Nucleic Acid and Carbohydrate Content of Influenza Virus A and of Virus Fractions Produced by Ether Disintegration. J. Hyg. 54, 201–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Fulton, F., and A. Isaacs, 1953: Influenza Virus Multiplication in the Chick Chorioallantoic Membrane. J. gen. Microbiol. 9, 119–131.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Garen, A., and N. D. Zinder, 1955: Radiological Evidence for Partial Genetic Homology between Bacteriophage and Host Bacteria. Virology 1, 347–376.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Gaylord, W. H., and J. L. Melnick, 1953: Intracellular Forms of Pox Viruses as Shown by the Electron Microscope (Vaccinia, Ectromelia, Molluscum Contagiosum). J. exper. Med. (Am.) 98, 157–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Gey, G. O., and F. B. Bang, 1951: Viruses and Cells — A Study in Tissue Culture Applications. Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 14, 15–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Gierer, A., and G. Schramm, 1956: Die Infektiosität der Nucleinsäure aus Tabakmosaikvirus. Z. Naturforsch. 11 b, 138–142.Google Scholar
  103. Ginoza, W., and A. Norman, 1957: Radiosensitive Molecular Weight of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Nucleic Acid. Nature 179, 520–521.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Gostling, J. V. T., and S. P. Bedson, 1956: Observations on the Mode of Multiplication of Herpes Virus. Brit. J. exper. Path. 37, 434–446.Google Scholar
  105. Gottschalk, A., 1956: Neuraminic Acid: The Functional Group of Some Biologically Active Mucoproteins. Yale J. Biol. Med. 28, 525–537.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Gottschalk, A., 1957: Virus Enzymes and Virus Templates. Physiol. Rev. (Am.) 37, 66–83.Google Scholar
  107. Granoff, A., and G. K. Hirst, 1954: Experimental Production of Combination Forms of Virus. IV. Mixed Influenza A-Newcastle Disease Virus Infection. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol. a. Med. (Am.) 86, 84–88.Google Scholar
  108. Groman, N. B., 1955: Evidence for the Active Role of Bacteriophage in the Conversion of Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae to Toxin Production. J. Bacter. (Am.) 69, 9–15.Google Scholar
  109. Haas, V. H., S. E. Stewart, and G. M. Briggs, 1957: Folic Acid Deficiency and the Sparing of Mice Infected with the Virus of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis. Virology 3, 15–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Hamers-Casterman, C., and R. Jeener, 1957: An Initial Ribonuclease-Sensitive Phase in the Multiplication of Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Virology 3, 197–206.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Henle, G., A. Girardi, and W. Henle, 1955: A Non-transmissible Cytopathogenic Effect of Influenza Virus in Tissue Culture Accompanied by Formation of Non-infectious Hemagglutinins. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 101, 25–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Henle, W., 1950: Interference Phenomenon between Animal Viruses: A Review. J. Immunol. 64, 203–236.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Henle, W., 1953: Multiplication of Influenza Virus in the Entodermal Cells of the Allantois of the Chick Embryo. Adv. Virus Res. 1, 141–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Hershey, A. D., 1953: Nucleic Acid Economy in Bacteria Infected with Bacteriophage T2. II. Phage Precursor Nucleic Acid. J. Gen. Physiol. (Am.) 37, 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Hershey, A. D., 1956: Chemistry and Viral Growth. In: Green, Currents in Biochemical Research. New York.Google Scholar
  116. Hershey, A. D., 1957: Bacteriophages as Genetic and Biochemical Systems. Adv. Virus Res. 4, 25–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Hershey, A. D., and E. Burgi, 1956: Genetic Significance of the Transfer of Nucleic Acid from Parental to Offspring Phage. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 21, 91–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Hershey, A. D., and M. Chase, 1951: Genetic Recombination and Heterozygosis in Bacteriophage. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 16, 471–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Hershey, A. D., and M. Chase, 1952: Independent Functions of Viral Protein and Nucleic Acid in Growth of Bacteriophage. J. gen. Physiol. (Am.) 36, 39–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Hershey, A. D., M. D. Kamen, J. W. Kennedy, and H. Gest, 1951: The Mortality of Bacteriophage Containing Assimilated Radioactive Phosphorus. J. gen. Phvsiol. (Am.) 34. 305–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Hershey, A. D., and N. E. Melechen, 1957: Synthesis of Phage-Precursor Nucleic Acid in the Presence of Chloramphenicol. Virology 3, 207–236.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Hershey, A. D., and R. Rotman, 1949: Genetic Recombination between Host-Range and Plaque-Type Mutants of Bacteriophage in Single Bacterial Cells. Genetics 34, 44–71.Google Scholar
  123. Hirst, G. K., 1941: The Agglutination of Red Cells by Allantoic Fluid of Chick Embryos Infected with Influenza Virus. Science 94, 22–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Hirst, G. K., 1953: Intracellular Reactions between Two Types of Influenza Virus. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 25–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Hirst, G. K., T. Gotlieb, and A. Granoff, 1957: Studies on Mixed Infections with Influenza Viruses. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  126. Hoyle, L., 1948: The Growth Cycle of Influenza Virus A. A.Study of the Relations between Virus, Soluble Antigen and Host Cell in Fertile Eggs Inoculated with Influenza Virus. Brit. J. exper. Path. 29, 390–399.Google Scholar
  127. Hoyle, L., 1952: The Multiplication of Complement Fixing Antigen and Red-Cell Agglutination in the Chorio-Allantoic Membrane of Fertile Eggs Inoculated with Influenza Virus. J. Path. a. Bacter. 64, 419–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Hoyle, L., 1952: Structure of the Influenza Virus: The Relation between Biological Activity and Chemical Structure of Virus Fractions. J. Hyg. 50, 229–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Hoyle, L., 1957: The Use of Radioactive Influenza Virus to Determine the Fate of the Infecting Particle on Entry into the Host Cell. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  130. Hurst, E. W., and R. Hull, 1956: The Chemotherapy of Virus Disease, with Brief Consideration of the Influence of Dietary, Hormonal and Other Factors in Virus Infections. Pharmacol. Rev. 8, 199–263.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Isaacs, A., and F. Fulton, 1953: Interference in the Chick Chorion. J. gen. Microbiol. 9, 132–139.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Isaacs, A., 1957: Particle Counts and Infectivity Titrations for Animal Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 4, 111–158.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Jacob, F., 1954: Les Bactéries Lysogènes et la Notion de Provirus. Paris.Google Scholar
  134. Jacob, F., et E. L. Wollman, 1955: Étude Génétique d’un Bactériophage Tempéré d’Escherichia coli. III. Effet du Rayonnement Ultraviolet sur la Recombinaison Génétique. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 88, 724–749.Google Scholar
  135. Jacob, F., 1956: Recherches sur les Bactéries Lysogènes Defectives. I. Déterminisme Génétique de la Morphogenèse chez un Bactériophage Tempéré. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 90, 282–302.Google Scholar
  136. Jacob, F., 1957: Genetic Aspects of Lysogeny. In: McElroy and Glass, The Chemical Basis of Heredity. Baltimore.Google Scholar
  137. Jeener, R., 1954: Influence of Thiouracil Incorporation in the Ribonucleic Acid Moiety of Tobacco Mosaic Virus on its Multiplication. Biochem. Biophvs. Acta 13, 148–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Jeener, R., 1956: Ribonucleic Acids and Virus Multiplication. Adv. Enzymol. 17, 477–498.Google Scholar
  139. Jeener, R., 1957: Biological Effects of. the Incorporation of Thiuracil into the Ribonucleic Acid of Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 23, 351–361.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Jeener, R., and P. Lemoine, 1953: Occurrence in Plants Infected with Tobacco Mosaic Virus of a Crystalilizable Antigen Devoid of Ribonucleic Acid. Nature 171. 935–936.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Jeener, R., and C. van Rysselberge, 1955: Un Essai d’Infection Directe des Cellules du Parenchyme de la Feuille de Tabac à l’Aide de Virus de la Mosaique Marqué par le 14C et le 32P. Sort du Virus. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 17, 233–239.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Kaiser, A. D., 1955: A Genetic Study of the Temperature Coliphage Virologv 1. 424–443.Google Scholar
  143. Kaiser, A. D., 1957: Mutations in a Temperate Bacteriophage Affecting its Ability to Lysogenize Escherichia coli. Viroloigy 3, 42–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Kaplan, A. S., 1955: The Susceptibility of Monkey Kidney Cells to Polio virus in vivo and in vitro. Virology 1, 377–392.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Kellenberger, E., and W. Arber, 1955: Die Struktur des Schwanzes der Phagen 1 2 and T 4 und der Mechanismus der irreversiblen Adsorption. Z. Naturforsch. 10 b, 698–704.Google Scholar
  146. Kellenberger, E., and J. Séchaud, 1957: Electron Microscopical Studies of Phage Multiplication. II. Production of Phage-Related Structures during Multiplication of Phages T 2 and T 4. Virology 3, 256–274.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Knight, C. A., 1946: Precipitin Reactions of Highly Purified Influenza Viruses and Related Materials. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 83, 281–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Knight, C. A., 1954: The Chemical Constitution of Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 2. 153–182.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Knight, C. A., 1957: Some Recent Developments in the Chemistry of Virus Mutants. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  150. Kornberg, A., 1957: Pathways of Enzymatic Synthesis of Nucleotides and Polynucleotides. In: McElroy and Glass, The Chemical Basis of Heredity, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  151. Kozloff, L. M., 1953: Origin and Fate of Bacteriophage Material. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 209–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Kozloff, L. M., M. Lute, and K. Henderson, 1957: Viral Invasion. I. II. III. J. biol. Chem. (Am.) 228, 511–546.Google Scholar
  153. Lanni, F., and Y. T. Lanni, 1953: Antigenic Structure of Bacteriophage. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 159–168.Google Scholar
  154. Lebrun, J., 1956: Cellular Localization of Herpes Simplex Virus by Means of Fluorescent Antibody. Virology 2, 496–510.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. LeClerc, J., 1956: Action of Ribonuclease on the Multiplication of the Influenza Virus. Nature 177, 578–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Lederberg, E. M., and J. Lederberg, 1953: Genetic Studies of Lysogenicity in Escherichia coli. Genetics 38, 51–64.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Lederberg, J., 1952: Cell Genetics and Hereditary Symbiosis. Physiol. Rev. (Am.) 32, 403–430.Google Scholar
  158. Lederberg, J., 1955: Recombination Mechanisms in Bacteria. J. cellul. a. comp. Physiol. (Am.) 45 (SuppL 2), 75–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Lennox, E. S., 1955: Transduction of Linked Genetic Characters of the Host by Bacteriophage P 1. Virology 1, 190–206.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Levine, M., 1957: Mutations in the Temperate Phage P 22 and Lysogeny in Salmonella. Virology 3, 22–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Levine, S., T. T. Puck, and B. P. Sagik, 1953: An Absolute Method for Assay of Virus Hemagglutinins, J. exper. Med. (Am.) 98, 521–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Levine, S., and B. P. Sagik, 1956: The Interactions of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) with Chick Embryo Tissue Culture Cells: Attachment and Growth. Virology 2, 57–68.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Levinthal, C., 1954: Recombination in Phage T2: Its Relationship to Heterozygosis and Growth. Genetics 39, 169–184.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Levinthal, C., 1956: The Mechanism of DNA Replication and Genetic Recombination in Phage. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 32, 394–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Levinthal, C., and H. R. Crane, 1956: On the Unwinding of DNA. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 42, 436–438.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Levinthal, C., and C. A. Thomas Jr., 1957: The Molecular Basis of Genetic Recombination in Phage. In: McElroy and Glass, The Chemical Basis of Heredity, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  167. L’Héritier, Ph., 1951: The C02 Sensitivity Problem in Drosophila. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 16, 99–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. L’Héritier, Ph., 1957: The Hereditary Virus of Drosophila. Adv. Virus Res. 5 (in press).Google Scholar
  169. Lieb, M., 1953: The Establishment of Lysogenicity in Escherichia coli. J. Bacter. (Am.) 65, 642–651.Google Scholar
  170. Lief, F. S., and W. Henle, 1956: Studies on the Soluble Antigen of Influenza Virus. I. The Release of S Antigen from Elementary Bodies by Treatment with Ether. Virology 2, 753–771.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Lind, P. E., and F. M. Burnet, 1953: Back-Recombination of Influenza A Strains Obtained in Recombination Experiments. Austral. J. exper. Biol. a. med. Sci. 31, 361–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Lindegren, C. C., 1955: Non-Mendelian Segregation in a Single Tetrad of Saccharomyces Ascribed to Gene Conversion. Science 121, 605–607.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Litman, R. M., and A. B. Pardee, 1956: Production of Bacteriophage Mutants by a Disturbance of Desoxyribonucleic Acid Metabolism. Nature 178, 529–531.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Liu, C., 1955: Studies on Influenza Infection in Ferrets by Means of Fluorescein-Labelled Antibody. I. II. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 101, 665–686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Loh, P. C., H. F. Maassab, and W. W. Ackermann, 1957: Phosphorus Metabolism of HeLa Cells Infected with Poliovirus. Bacter. Proc. 138.Google Scholar
  176. Luria, S. E., 1951: The Frequency Distribution of Spontaneous Bacteriophage Mutants as Evidence for the Exponential Rate of Phage Reproduction. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 16, 463–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Luria, S. E., 1953 a: Host-Induced Modifications of Viruses. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 237–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Luria, S. E., 1953 b: General Virology. New York.Google Scholar
  179. Luria, S. E., and M. L. Human, 1950: Chromation Staining of Bacteria during Bacteriophage Infection. J. Bacter. 59, 551–560.Google Scholar
  180. Luria, S. E., and D. L. Steiner, 1954: The Role of Calcium in the Penetration of Bacteriophage T 5 into its Host. J. Bacter. (Am.) 67, 635–639.Google Scholar
  181. Luria, S. E., R. C. Williams, and R. C. Backus, 1951: Electron Micrographie Counts of Bacteriophage Particles. J. Bacter. (Am.) 61, 179–188.Google Scholar
  182. Lwoff, A., 1953: Lysogeny. Bacter. Rev. 17, 269–337.Google Scholar
  183. Lwoff, A., R. Dulbecco, M. Vogt, and M. Lwoff, 1955: Kinetics of the Release of Poliomyelitis Virus from Single Cells. Virology 1, 128–139.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Maaloe, O., and J. D. Watson, 1951: The Transfer of Radioactive Phosphorus from Parental to Progeny Phage. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 37, 507–513.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Maramorosch, K., 1955: Multiplication of Plant Viruses in Insect Vectors. Adv. Virus Res. 3, 221–249.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Markham, R., and K. M. Smith, 1949: Studies on the Virus of Turnip Yellow Mosaic. Parasitology 39, 330–342.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Matthews, R. E. F., and J. D. Smith, 1955: The Chemotherapy of Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 3, 49–148.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Meneghini, M., and C. C. Delwiche, 1951: The Multiplication of Tobacco Mosaic Virus in the Host Plant. J. Biol. Chem. 189, 177–186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Merrill, M. H., and C. TenBroeck, 1935: The Transmission of Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus by Aedes aegypti. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 62, 687–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Morgan, C., G. H. Bergold, D. H. Moore, and H. M. Rose, 1955: The Macromolecular Paracrysitalline Lattice of Insect Viral Polyhedral Bodies Demonstrated in Ultrathin Sections Examined in the Electron Microscope. J. Biophys. Biochem. Cytol. 1, 187–190.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Morgan, C., S. A. Ellison, H. M. Rose, and D. H. Moore, 1954 a: Structure and Development of Viruses as Observed in the Electron Microscope. I. Herpes Simplex Virus. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 100, 195–202.Google Scholar
  192. Morgan, C., S. A. Ellison, H. M. Rose, and D. H. Moore, 1954 b: Structure and Development of Viruses Observed in the Electron Microscope. II. Vaccinia and Fowl Pox Viruses. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 100, 301–310.Google Scholar
  193. Morgan, C., C. Howe, H. M. Rose, and D. H. Moore, 1956: Structure and Development of Viruses Observed in the Electron Microscope. IV. Viruses of the RI-APC Group. J. Biophys. Biochem. Cytol. 2, 351–360.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Morgan, C., H. M. Rose, and D. H. Moore, 1956: Structure and Development of Viruses Observed in the Electron Microscope. III. Influenza Virus. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 104, 171–182.Google Scholar
  195. Morse, M. L., E. M. Lederberg, and J. Lederberg, 1956 a: Transduction in Escherichia coli K-12. Genetics 41, 142–156.Google Scholar
  196. Morse, M. L., E. M. Lederberg, and J. Lederberg, 1956 b: Transduction Heterogenotes in Escherichia coli. Genetics 41, 758–779.Google Scholar
  197. Moulder, J. W., 1954: Biochemical Aspects of the Growth of Feline Pneumonitis Virus in the Chid: Embryo Yolk Sac. Bacter. Rev. 18, 170–176.Google Scholar
  198. Nixon, H. L., 1956: An Estimate of the Number of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Particles in a Single Hair Cell. Virology 2, 126–128.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Oberling, C., 1952: The Riddle of Cancer. New Haven, Conn.Google Scholar
  200. Overman, J. R., and I. Tamm, 1957: Multiplication of Vaccinia Virus in the Chorioallantoic Membrane in vitro. Virology 3, 173–184.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Palade, G. E., 1956: The Endoplasmic Reticulum. J. Biophys. Biochem. Cytol. 2 (Suppl.), 85–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. Price, W. C., 1940: Acquired Immunity from Plant Virus Diseases. Quart. Rev. Biol. 15, 338–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Puck, T. T., 1957: The Mammalian Cell as Microorganism. In: Symp. Society for the Study of Development and Growth. Princeton, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  204. Puck, T. T., and P. I. Marcus, 1956: Action of X-Rays on Mammalian Cells. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 103, 653–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Puck, T. T., and S. J. Cieciura, 1956: Clonal Growth of Mammalian Cells in vitro. Growth Characteristics of Colonies from Single HeLa Cells with and without a “Feeder” Layer. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 103, 273–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Rappaport, C., 1956: Monolayer Cultures of Trypsinized Monkey Kidney Cells in Synthetic Medium. Application to Poliovirus Synthesis. Proc. Soc. exper. Biol, a. Med. (Am.) 91, 464–470.Google Scholar
  207. Roman, H., 1956: Studies of Gene Mutation in Saccharomyces. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 21, 175–185.Google Scholar
  208. Rous, P., 1946: Concerning the Cancer Problem. Amer. Scientist 34, 329–357.Google Scholar
  209. Rubin, H., 1955: Quantitative Relations between Causative Virus and Cell in the Rous No. I Chicken Sarcoma. Virology 1, 445–473.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. Rubin, H., M. Baluda, and J. E. Hotchin, 1955: The Maturation of Western Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus and its Release from Chick Embryo Cells in Suspension. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 101, 205–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Rubin, H., and R. M. Franklin, 1957: On the Mechanism of Newcastle Disease Virus Neutralization by Immune Serum. Virology 3, 84–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Rubin, H., and M. Baluda, 1957: Infection and Growth of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) in Cultures of Chick Embryo Lung Epithelium. Virology 3, 587–600.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Sanders, F. K., 1957: The Multiplication of Animal Viruses. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  214. Schäfer, W., 1957: Units Isolated After Splitting Fowl Plague Virus. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  215. Schlesinger. R. W., 1953: Developmental Stages of Virus. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 7, 83–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. Schramm, G., 1947 a: Über die Spaltung des Tabakmosaikvirus und die Wiedervereinigung der Spaltstücke zu höhermolekularen Proteinen. I. Die Spaltungsreaktion. Z. Naturforsch. 2 b, 112–121.Google Scholar
  217. Schramm, G., 1947 b: Über die Spaltung des Tabakmosaikvirus und die Wiedervereinigung der Spaltstücke zu höhermolekularen Proteinen. II. Versuche zur Wiedervereinigung der Spaltstücke. Z. Naturforsch. 2 b, 249–257.Google Scholar
  218. Scott, T. F. McN., L. L. Coriell, H. Blank, and A. Gray, 1953: The Growth Curve of the Virus of Herpes Simplex on the Chorioallantoic Membrane of the Embryonated Hen’s Egg. J. Immunol. 71, 134–144.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. Séchaud, J., and E. Kellenberger 1956: Lyse Precoce, Provoquée par le Chloroforme chez les Bactéries Infectées par du Bactériophage. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 90, 102–106.Google Scholar
  220. Siegel, A., W. Ginoza, and S. G. Wildman, 1957: The Early Events of Infection with Tobacco Mosaic Virus Nucleic Acid. Virology 3, 554–559.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. Siegel, A., and S. G. Wildman, 1956: The Inactivation of the Infectius Centers of Tobacco Mosaic Virus by Ultraviolet Light. Virology 2, 69–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. Siegel, A., and W. Ginoza, 1956: Sensitivity to Ultraviolet Light of Infectious Tobacco Mosaic Virus Nucleic Acid. Nature 178, 1117–1118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Sigel, M. M., A. J. Girardi, and E. G. Allen, 1951: Studies on the Psittacosis-Lymphogranuloma Group. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 94, 401–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. Simkin, J. L., and T. S. Work, 1957: Biochemical Approaches to the Problem of Protein Synthesis. Nature 179, 1214–1219.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. Smadel, J. E., and C. L. Hoagland, 1942: Elementary Bodies of Vaccinia. Bacter. Rev. 6, 79–110.Google Scholar
  226. Smith, K. M., 1955: Morphology and Development of Insect Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 3, 199–220.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. Smith, W., G. Belyavin and F. W. Scheffield, 1955: The Host-Tissue Component of Influenza Viruses. Proc. Roy. Soc. B., 143, 504–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Sprunt, K., I. M. Mountain, W. M. Redman, and H. E. Alexander, 1955: Production of Poliomyelitis Virus with Combined Antigenic Characteristics of Type I and Type II. Virology 1, 236–249.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. Stahl, F. W., 1956: The Effects of the Decay of Incorporated Radioactive Phosphorus on the Genome of Bacteriophage T4. Virology 2, 206–234.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Steere, R. L., 1952: Virus Increment Curve Obtained from Counts of Particles in Clarified Plant Juice. Amer. J. Bot. 39, 211–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. Steere, R. L., and R. C. Williams, 1953: Identification of Crystalline Inclusion Bodies Extracted Intact from Plant Cells Infected with Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Amer. J. Bot. 40, 81–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Stent, G. S., 1955: Decay of Incorporated Radioactive Phosphorus during Reproduction of Bacteriophage T2. J. gen. Physiol. (Am.) 38, 853–865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. Stent, G. S., 1958: Mating in the Reproduction of Bacterial Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 5 (in press).Google Scholar
  234. Stent, G. S., C. R. Fuerst, and F. Jacob, 1957: Inactivation d’un Prophage par la Désintégration du Radiophosphore. C. r. Acad. Sci. 244, 1840–1842.Google Scholar
  235. Stent, G. S., and E. L. Wollman, 1950: Studies on Activation of T4 Bacteriophage by Cofactor. II. The Mechanism of Activation. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 6, 307–316.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. Streisinger, G., 1956 a: The Genetic Control of Host Range and Serological Specificity in Bacteriophages T 2 and T 4. Virology 2, 377–387.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Streisinger, G., 1956 b: Phenotypic Mixing of Host Range and Serological Specificities in Bacteriophages T2 and T4. Virology 2, 388–398.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Streisinger, G., and N. C. Franklin, 1956: Mutation and Recombination at the Host Range Genetic Region of Phage T 2. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 21, 103–111.Google Scholar
  239. Takahashi, W. N., and M. Ishii, 1953: A Macromolecular Protein Associated with Tobacco Mosaic Virus Infection: Its Isolation and Properties. Amer. J. Bot. 40, 85–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. Tamm, I., 1955: Selective Inhibition of Virus Multiplication by Synthetic Chemicals. Bull. N.Y. Acad. Med. 31, 537–540.Google Scholar
  241. Taylor, I. H., 1957: The Time and Mode of Duplication of Chromosomes. Amer. Nat. 91, 209–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. Taylor, I. H., P. S. Woods, and W. L. Hughes, 1956: The Organization and Duplication of Chromosomes as Revealed by Autoradiographic Studies Using Tritium-Labeled Thymidine. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 43, 122–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. Tolmach, L. J., 1957: Attachment and Penetration of Cells by Viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 4, 63–110.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. Tomizawa, J., and S. Sunakawa, 1956: The Effect of Chloramphenicol on Desoxyribo- nucleic Acid Synthesis and the Development of Resistance to Ultraviolet Irradiation in E. coli Infected with Bacteriophage T 2. J. gen. Physiol. (Am.) 39, 553–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. Traub, E., 1939: Epidemiology of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis in a Mouse Stock Observed for Four Years, J. exper. Med. (Am.) 69, 801–817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. Uetake, H., S. E. Luria, and J. W. Burrous, 1958: Conversion of Somatic Antigens in Salmonella by Phage Infection Leading to Lysis or Lysogeny. Virology 5 68–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. Uetake, H., T. Nakagawa, and T. Akiba. 1955: The Relationship of Bacteriophage to Antigenic Changes in Group E Salmonellas. J. Bacter. (Am.) 69, 571–579.Google Scholar
  248. Vago, C., 1951: The Phenomenon of Latency in a Disease Caused by the Ultra-virus of Insects. Rev. Canad. Biol. 10, 299–307.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Van Rysselberge, C., and R. Jeener, 1957: Plant Virus Synthesis and the Abnormal Protein Constituents of Infected Leaves. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 23, 18–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. Visconti, N., and M. Delbrück, 1953: The Mechanism of Genetic Recombination in Phage. Genetics 38, 5–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. Vogt, M., R. Dulbecco, and H. A. Wenner, 1957: Mutants of Poliomyelitis Viruses with Reduced Efficiency of Plating in Acid Medium and Reduced Neuro-pathogenicity. Virology 4, 141–155.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. Volkin, E., and L. Astrachan, 1957: RNA Metabolism in T 2-Infected Escherichia coli. In: McElroy and Glass, The Chemical Basis of Heredity. Baltimore.Google Scholar
  253. Von Magnus, P., 1954: Incomplete Forms of Influenza Virus. Adv. Virus Res. 2, 59–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. Wang, T. Y., and B. Commoner, 1956: The Formation of Infectious Nucleoprotein from Tobacco Mosaic Virus Protein and Tobacco Leaf DNA. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 42, 831–841.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  255. Watson, J. D., and F. H. C. Crick, 1953: The Structure of DNA. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 123–131.Google Scholar
  256. Weigle, J. J., 1953: Induction of Mutations in a Bacterial Virus. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 39, 628–636.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. Whitfield J. F., and R. G. E. Murray, 1954: A Cytological Study of the Lyso-genization of Shigella dysenteriae by P1 and P 2 Bacteriophages. Canad. J. Microbiol. 1, 216–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. Wildy, P., 1954: The Growth of Herpes Simplex Virus. Austral. J. exper. Biol, a- Med. Sci. 32, 605–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. Wildy, P., 1955: Recombination with Herpes Simplex Virus. J. gen. Microbiol. 13, 346–360.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. Williams, R. C., 1953: The Shapes and Sizes of Purified Viruses as Determined by Electron Microscopy. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 18, 185–195.Google Scholar
  261. Williams, R. C., 1957: Structure and Substructure of Viruses as Seen Under the Electron Microscope. In: The Nature of Viruses. Ciba Foundation Symposium, London.Google Scholar
  262. Williams, R. C., and K. M. Smith, 1957: A Crystallizable Insect Virus. Nature 179, 119–120.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. Withman, L., 1937: The Multiplication of the Virus of Yellow Fever in Aedes aegypti. J. exper. Med. (Am.) 66, 133–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. Wollman, E. L., F. Jacob and W. Hayes, 1956: Conjugation and Genetic Recombination in Escherichia coli K-12. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 21, 141–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. Wyatt, G. R., and S. S. Cohen, 1952: A New Pyrimidine Base From Bacteriophage Nucleic Acids. Nature 170, 1072–1073.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. Xeros, N., 1955: Origin of the Virus-Producing Chromatic Mass or Net of the Insect Nuclear Polyhedroses. Nature 175, 588–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. Yamafuji, K., 1952: Mechanism of Artifical Virus Formation in Silkworm Tissues. Enzymologia 15, 223–231.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. Yarwood, C. E., 1952: Latent Period and Generation Time for Two Plant Viruses. Amer. I. Bot. 39, 613–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. Zamecnik, P. C., E. B. Keller, J. W. Littlefield, M. B. Hoagland, and R. B. Loftfield, 1956: Mechanism of Incorporation of Labeled Amino Acids into Protein. J. cellul. a. comp. Physiol. (Am.) 47 (Suppl. 1), 81–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. Zinder, N. D., 1955: Bacterial Transduction. J. cellul. a. comp. Physiol. (Am.) 45 (Suppl. 2), 23–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. Zinder, N. D., and J. Lederberg, 1952: Genetic Exchange in Salmonella. J. Bacter. (Am.) 64, 679–699.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag in Vienna 1958

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Luria
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BacteriologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

Personalised recommendations