Biological membranes

  • H. L. Booij
  • H. G. Bungenberg de Jong
Part of the Protoplasmatologia book series (PROTOPLASMATOL., volume 1 / 2)


It is a well known fact that the contents of living cells differ very much from the medium. Muscle cells, e.g. contain ten times as much K+-ions than blood, but their Na+-concentrations are ten times smaller. These large differences suggest two things. In the first place the living cell must have the disposal over a mechanism which allows the—selective—uptake (or secretion) of ions. The energy for this process must be derived from metabolism. Secondly there must be a barrier against the free diffusion of ions. Otherwise the ions taken up would be lost very soon. Many experiments suggest that the outer membrane of cells has the properties sought for. The tonoplast of the plant cell and the membranes between nucleus and cytoplasm or between mitochondria and cytoplasm may have comparable properties.


Double Layer Complex Theory Phosphatidic Acid Naphthalene Acetic Acid Hydrophilic Molecule 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag in Vienna 1956

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. L. Booij
    • 1
  • H. G. Bungenberg de Jong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical ChemistryUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands

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