Complex Systems

  • H. L. Booij
  • H. G. Bungenberg de Jong
Part of the Protoplasmatologia book series (PROTOPLASMATOL., volume 1 / 2)


In chapter 2 we met two types of coacervation, the simple coacervation and the complex coacervation. The latter resembles the salt formation of inorganic chemistry. When we speak of complex-relations, we mean the electrical attraction between oppositely charged groups. Thus a complex-coacervate is a coacervate resulting from the interaction of two oppositely charged components (one at least should be a colloid). Of course, these complex relations may be present in all kinds of colloid systems (one might imagine complex sols, complex gels, complex coacervates, and so on).


Complex Relation Negative Group Equilibrium Liquid Equivalent Weight Trivalent Cation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag in Vienna 1956

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. L. Booij
    • 1
  • H. G. Bungenberg de Jong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical ChemistryUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands

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