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Colloids with Electrolytic Nature

  • H. L. Booij
  • H. G. Bungenberg de Jong
Part of the Protoplasmatologia book series (PROTOPLASMATOL., volume 1 / 2)

Abstract

The difference between the electric charges of hydrophobic colloids and macromolecular colloids is that the former derive their charge from ions adsorbed to the particles, in the latter it is due to the dissociation of groups firmly attached to the macromolecule. Thus the macromolecular and association colloids with electrolyte character can be divided into:
  1. a)

    Colloids with acid character, which carry only anionic groups such as -COO-, -OSO3- and -OPO3H-.

     
  2. b)

    Colloids with basic character, which carry only cationic groups, such as -NH3+, -NHC(NH2)2+ and -N+(CH3)3.

     
  3. c)

    Colloids with amphoteric character, which carry both types of groups.

     

Keywords

Phosphatidic Acid Equivalent Weight Sulfate Colloid Charge Concentration Complex Coacervation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Bungenberg de Jong, H. G., 1949: Chapter IX in Kruyt’s Colloid Science II. Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  2. — H. L. Booij and J. G. Wakkie, 1936: Zum Mechanismus des in Gemischen von Neutralsalzen auftretenden Antagonismus hinsichtlich der Umladung von Phosphatiden. Kolloid-Beih. 44, 254–284.Google Scholar
  3. — und P. H. Teunissen, 1938: Negative, nicht amphotere Biokolloide als hochmolekulare Elektrolyte I. Kolloid-Beih. 47, 254–320.Google Scholar
  4. Höber, R., 1945: Physical Chemistry of Cells and Tissues. Philadelphia, Toronto.Google Scholar
  5. Landsmeer, J. M. F., 1951: Influence of pH and salts on metachromatic phenomena evoked by toluidine blue in animal tissue. Acta Physiol. Pharmacol. Neerl. 2, 112–128.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Teunissen, P. H., 1936: Lyophiele niet amphotere bio-kolloiden beschouwd als electrolyten. Thesis, Leiden.Google Scholar
  7. — und H G. Bungenberg de Jong, 1938: Negative, nicht amphotere Biokolloide als hochmolekulare Elektrolyte II. Kolloid-Beih. 48, 33–92.Google Scholar
  8. Teunissen van Zijp, 1938: Invloed van anorganische en organische ionen op de lading van biokolloiden, in het bijzonder van eiwitten. Thesis, Leiden.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag in Vienna 1956

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. L. Booij
    • 1
  • H. G. Bungenberg de Jong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical ChemistryUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands

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