Efficient Access to Space: Implications for Space Astronomy
Space exploration has lasted for about half a century, and astronomical observations with space telescopes and other instruments have allowed us to understand the laws of the nature and the universe itself much deeper, wider and in ever greater detail. For example, many important and ground-breaking new phenomena and astronomical objects have been discovered by space astronomical observations, and two Nobel prizes in physics have been awarded to the results of space astronomical observations. However, access to space still remains very expensive, such that only a very limited number of space astronomical facilities with much contrived capabilities have been sent to space, in comparison to the numerous powerful experiments and observational facilities built on the ground. This certainly hinders our ability to further study the laws of nature and explore the universe.
KeywordsNobel Prize Compact Muon Solenoid International Space Station Hubble Space Telescope Optical Telescope
The author thanks the invitation of the ESPI Director, Peter Hulsroj, to attend the 2015 Autumn Conference, as well as the warm hospitality and kind support of ESPI. This research work is partially supported by the National Basic Research Program (“973” Program) of China (Grants 2014CB845802), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11373036 and 11133002), the Qianren start-up grant 292012312D1117210, and the Strategic Priority Research Program “The Emergence of Cosmological Structures” (Grant No. XDB09000000) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.