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Clinical Aspects of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries

  • E. S. Stauffer
Part of the Advances in Neurotraumatology book series (NEUROTRAUMATOL., volume 2)

Abstract

Injuries to the spine range in severity from muscle strains and ligament sprains to fracture of the vertebral bodies, fractures of the dorsal elements, dislocation of the facets, and complex combination fracture dislocations. The spinal cord and nerve roots traversing the spinal canal and neural foramina may be injured by any encroachment into the spinal canal. Patients with stable compression fractures may suffer concomitant injury to the spinal cord, and patients with grossly unstable comminuted fractures may escape neurological injury. Both of these situations, however, are relatively rare. In general, the more comminuted, displaced, and unstable the spinal fracture, the greater the likelihood of severe cord damage.

Keywords

Spinal Cord Injury Nerve Root Thoracic Spine Thoracolumbar Junction Lumbar Nerve Root 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Bosch A, Stauffer ES, Nickel VL (1971) Incomplete traumatic quadriplegia: a ten year review. J Am Med Assoc 216: 473–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kaufer H (1984) The thoracolumbar spine. In: Rockwood and Green (eds) Fractures. J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, pp 1036–1092Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stauffer ES (1982) Rehabilitation of the spinal cord injured patients. In: Rothman and Simeone (eds) Spine. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Chapter 19, pp 1118–1131Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Stauffer
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MedicineSouthern Illinois UniversitySpringfieldUSA

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