The elbow is among the orthopedist’s most “difficult” joints for many reasons. It is a relatively small joint, in reality made up of three separate joints that are structurally different from one another: the humeroulnar is a hinge joint, the humeroradial a gliding joint, and the proximal radioulnar a pivot joint. Furthermore, the most important of the three, the humeroulnar joint, has a peculiar anatomical configuration that makes it anatomically complex and functionally simple only in appearance, while the humeroradial joint has a functional role not only in flexion and extension, but especially in the sophisticated movements of forearm pronation and supination. It must also be kept in mind that important vascular and neural structures run through the elbow area, making it very susceptible to neurovascular complications accompanying or following elbow fractures.
KeywordsRadial Head Distal Humerus Radial Head Fracture Supracondylar Fracture Elbow Dislocation
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