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Frost Action on Stone

  • Erhard M. Winkler
Part of the Applied Mineralogy / Technische Mineralogie book series (MINERALOGY, volume 4)

Abstract

Frost damage to stone and concrete in moderate humid and semi-humid climates has long been known as a major disruptive agent which deserves attention. Frost action results from a combination of factors, such as spontaneous volumetric expansion from the water phase to the ice phase, the degree of water saturation of the pore system, the critical pore size and the continuity of the pore system.

Keywords

Pore System Snow Fence Durability Factor Frost Action Disruptive Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erhard M. Winkler
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Science, Department of GeologyUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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