Experimental and ZAF Correction Aspects of Carbon Analysis in Steels: Application to the Carburization of Irradiated Uranium-Plutonium Carbide Fuel Pin Claddings

  • H. Kleykamp
Part of the Mikrochimica Acta book series (MIKROCHIMICA, volume 10)


The quantitative carbon analysis in steels by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) has been on debate for more than one decade when the ZAF correction procedure was extended to the light element analysis with material data becoming available at that time. The conditions for a reliable analysis are a hydrocarbon low vacuum in the electron optical column of the instrument, a qualified sample preparation, selected standards similar in composition to the target and a well-developed ZAF correction computer programme.


Carbon Analysis Mass Attenuation Coefficient Backscatter Coefficient Turbomolecular Pump Carbide Fuel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Kleykamp
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Material- und FestkörperforschungKernforschungszentrum KarlsruheKarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany

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