Quantitative Surface Analysis Without Reference Samples

  • Maria F. Ebel
  • H. Ebel
  • U. Paschke
  • G. Zuba
  • J. Wernisch
Part of the Mikrochimica Acta book series (MIKROCHIMICA, volume 10)


Quantitative analysis without reference samples means that the correlation between measured data and sample composition is described by a theoretical expression. Thus, neither reference samples nor pure element standards have to be employed. For X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray induced Auger electron spectroscopy (XAS) these theoretical correlations can be given. Besides, a good knowledge of the “fundamental parameters” is necessary.


Reference Sample Mass Absorption Coefficient Auger Line Sample Influence Photoelectron Line 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria F. Ebel
    • 1
  • H. Ebel
    • 1
  • U. Paschke
    • 1
  • G. Zuba
    • 1
  • J. Wernisch
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte und Technische PhysikTechnische Universität WienWienAustria

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