Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma

  • Mario Campanacci


By contrast with the osteosarcoma of bone, soft tissue osteosarcoma is much more rare, has no preference for either sex, and occurs in adult and advanced adult age, usually after 40 years. Several extraskeletal osteosarcomas occur postirradiation.


Soft Tissue Tumor Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Fibrous Histiocytoma Myositis Ossificans Parosteal Osteosarcoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1956.
    Fine G., Stout A.P., 1956: Osteogenic sarcoma of the extraskeletal soft tissues. Cancer, 9, 1027–1043.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 1963.
    Kauffman S.L., Stout A.P., 1963: Extraskeletal osteogenic sarcomas and chondrosarcomas in children. Cancer, 16, 432–439.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 1968.
    Das Gupta T.K., Hajdu S.I., Foote F.W. Jr., 1968: Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma. Ann. Surg., 168, 1011–1122.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 1971.
    Allan C.J., Soule E.H., 1971: Osteogenic sarcoma of the somatic soft tissues. Clinicopathologic study of 26 cases and review of the literature. Cancer; 27, 1121–1133.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 1972.
    Wurlitzer F., Ayala A., Romsdahl M., 1972: Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma. Arch. Surg., 105, 691–695. 1973Google Scholar
  6. Alpert L.I., Abaci I.F., Werthamer S., 1972: Radiation-induced extraskeletal osteosarcoma. Cancer, 31, 1359–1363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 1974.
    Miller W.B. Jr., Wirman J.A., Mckinney P., 1974: Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma of forearm. Arch. Pathol., 97, 246–249.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 1974.
    Shahin W., Chaimoff C., Dintsman M., 1974: Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma. Clin. Orthop., 101, 151–153.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 1975.
    Hasson J., Hartman K.S., Milikow E., Mittelman J.A., 1975: Thorotrast-induced extraskeletal osteosarcoma of the cervical region. Report of a case. Cancer, 36, 1827–1833.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 1975.
    Lee W., Laurie J., Townsend A., 1975: Fine structure of a radiation-induced osteogenic sarcoma. Cancer, 36, 1414–1425.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 1978.
    Rao U., Cheng A., Didolkar M.S., 1978: Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma. Cancer, 41, 1488–1496.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 1979.
    Lorentzon R., Larsson S.E., Boquist L., 1979: Extra-osseous osteosarcoma. A clinical and histopathological study of four cases. J. Bone Joint Sorg., 61-B, 205–208.Google Scholar
  13. 1981.
    Meister P., Konrad E.A., Stouz S., 1981: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma. Case report and differential diagnosis. Arch. Orthop. Trauma Surg., 98, 311–314.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 1981.
    Waxman M., Vuletin J.C., Saxe B.I., Monteleone F.A., 1981: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma. Light and electron microscopic study. Mt. Sinai J. Med., 48, 322–329.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 1982.
    Bhagavan B.S., Dorfman H.D., 1982: The significance of bone and cartilage formation in malignant fibrous histiocytoma of soft tissue. Cancer; 49, 480–488.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 1983.
    SoRdillo P.P., Hajdu S.I., Magill G.B., Golbey R.B., 1983: Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma. A review of 48 patients. Cancer, 51, 727–734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 1986.
    Huvos A.G., 1986: Osteogenic sarcoma of bones and soft tissues in older persons. A clinicopathologic analysis of 117 patients older than 60 years. Cancer, 57, 1442–1449.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 1986.
    Present D., Bertoni F., Laus M., Bacchini P., Boccanera M., 1986: Case report 565: low-grade osteosarcoma of soft tissues (popliteal fossa). Skeletal Radiol., 18, 471–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 1986.
    Reiman H.M., Dahlin D.C., 1986: Cartilage and bone-forming tumors of the soft tissues. Semin. Diagn. Pathol., 3, 288–305.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 1987.
    Chung E.B., Enzinger F.M., 1987: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma. Cancer, 60, 1132–1142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 1990.
    Bane B.L., Evans H.L., Ro J.Y., Carrasco C.H., Grignon D.J., Benjamin R.S., Ayala A.G., 1990: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma. A clinicopathological review of 26 cases. Cancer, 65, 2762–2770.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 1991.
    Wiklund T.A., Blomqvist C.P., Raty J., Elomaa I., Rissanen P., Miettinen M., 1991: Postirradiation sarcoma. Analysis of a nationwide cancer registry material. Cancer, 68, 524–531.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 1991.
    YI E.S., Shmookler B.M., Malawer M.M., Sweet D.E., 1991: Well-differentiated extraskeletal osteosarcoma. A soft tissue homologue of parosteal osteosarcoma. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med., 115, 906–909.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 1993.
    Ippolito V., Brien E.W., Menendez L.R., Mirra J.M., 1993: Case report 797: “dedifferentiated” lipoma-like liposarcoma of soft tissue with focal transformation to high-grade “sclerosing” osteosarcoma. Skeletal Radiol., 22, 604–608.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 1993.
    Mirra J.M., Fain J.S., Ward W.G., Eckardt J.J., Eilber F., Rosen G., 1993: Extraskeletal telangiectatic osteosarcoma. Cancer, 71, 3014–3019.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 1993.
    Varma D.G., Ayala A.G., Guo S.Q., Moaulopulos L.A., Kim E.E., Charnsangavej C., 1993: Mri of extraskeletal osteosarcoma. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr., 17, 414–417.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 1995.
    Fang Z., Yokoyama R., Mukai K., Beppu Y., Fukuama H., 1995: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma: a clinicopathologic study of four cases. Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol., 25, 55–60.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 1995.
    Massengill A.D., Seeger L.L., Yao L., Mirra J.M., 1995: Malignant mesenchymoma of the thigh. Skeletal Radiol., 24, 301–304.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 1995.
    Robinson L.H., Pitt M.J., Jaffe K.A., Siegal G.P., 1995: Small cell osteosarcoma of the soft tissue. Skeletal Radiol., 24, 462–465.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 1997.
    Dubec J.J., Munk P.L., O’Connell J X, Lee M.J., Janzen D., Connell D., Masri B., Logan P.M., 1997: Soft tissue osteosarcoma with telangiectatic features: MR imaging findings in two cases. Skeletal Radiol., 26, 732–736.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Campanacci
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of BolognaItaly
  2. 2.Rizzoli Orthopaedic InstituteBolognaItaly

Personalised recommendations