Intraosseous and Periosteal Mucous Cyst

Ganglion Cyst
  • Mario Campanacci


This lesion is a mucous cyst (ganglion) primarily originating within the bone or periosteum but otherwise identical to ganglions of the soft tissues (frequently occurring in the joint capsules, tendon sheaths, tendons, lateral meniscus). We exclude from this definition those cysts originating in the soft tissues and secondarily eroding into the adjacent bone.


Lateral Meniscus Bone Cyst Tendon Sheath Medial Malleolus Cystic Cavity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1961.
    Woods C.G.: Subcondral bone cyst. J. Bone Joint Surg., 43-B, 758–766.Google Scholar
  2. 1968.
    Salzer M., Salzer Kuntscik M.: Ganglien mit Knochenbeteilingung. Arch. Orthop. Unfallchir., 64, 87–99.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 1969.
    Goldman R.L., Friedman N.B.: Ganglia (“synovial cysts”) arising in inusual locations. Clin. Orthop., 63, 184–189.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 1970.
    Byers P.D., Waldsworth Th.G.: Periosteal ganglion. J. Bone Joint Surg., 52-B, 290–295.Google Scholar
  5. 1971.
    Campanacci M., Cervellati C.: Cisti mucose periostee e intraossee. Chir. Organi Mov., 60, 221–232.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 1971.
    Sim F.H., Dahlin D.C.: Ganglion cysts of bone. Mayo Clin. Proc., 46, 484–488.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 1972.
    Campanacci M., Gulino G.: Cisti mucosa intraossea bilaterale. Chir. Organi Mov., 61, 367–370.Google Scholar
  8. 1978.
    Grange W.J.: Subperiosteal ganglion. A case report. J. Bone Joint Surg., 60-B, 124–125.Google Scholar
  9. 1979.
    Schajowicz F., Clavel Sainz M., Slullitel J.A.: Juxta-articular bone cysts (intraosseous ganglia). A clinicopathological study of eighty-eight cases. J. Bone Joint Surg., 61-B, 107–116.Google Scholar
  10. 1983.
    McCarthy E.F., Matz S., Steiner G.C., Dorfman H.D.: Periosteal ganglion: a cause of cortical bone erosion. Skeletal Radiol., 10, 243–246.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 1987.
    Kenan S., Mobley K., Steiner G.C., Lewis M.M.: Periosteal ganglion. Case report and review of the literature. Bull. Hosp. Joint Dis., 47, 46–51.Google Scholar
  12. 1987.
    Yaghmai I., Foster W.C.: Case report 404: intraosseous ganglion of the distal ulna with a pathologic fracture. Skeletal Radiol., 16, 153–156.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 1988.
    Daly P.J., Sim F.H., Beabout J.W., Unni K.K.: Intraosseous ganglion cysts. Orthopedics, 11, 1715–1719.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 1989.
    Pope T.L., Fechner R.E., Keats T.E.: Intra-osseous ganglion. Report of four cases and review of the literature. Skeletal Radiol., 18, 185–187.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 1993.
    Abdelwahab I.F., Kenan S., Hermann G., Klein M.J., Lewis M.M.: Periosteal ganglia: CT and MRI imaging feature. Radiology, 188, 245–248.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 1993.
    Yamato M., Saotome K., Tamai K., Yamaguchi T.: Case report 783. Intraosseous ganglion of scapula. Skeletal Radiol., 22, 227–228.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 1994.
    Helwig U., Lang S., Baczynski M., Windhager R.: The intraosseous ganglion. A clinical-pathological report on 42 cases. Arch. Orthop. Trauma Surg., 114, 14–17.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 1995.
    Magee T.H., Rowedder A.M., Degnan G.G.: Intraosseous ganglia of the wrist. Radiology, 195, 517–520.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 1995.
    Nadas S., Landry M., Duvoisin B., Richoz B., Maire P.: Subperiosteal ganglionic cyst of the iliac wing. Skeletal Radiol., 24, 541–542.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 1996.
    Benedett G.E., Parsons T.W., Smith D.K.: A periosteal ganglion of the distal part of the radius. A case report. J. Bone Joint Surg., 78-A, 1415–1418.Google Scholar
  21. 1996.
    Kobayashi H., Kotoura Y., Hosono M., Tsuboyama T., Sakahara H., Konishi J.: Periosteal ganglion of the tibia. Skeletal Radiol., 25, 381–383.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 1996.
    Okada K., Unoki E., Kubota H., Abe E., Taniwaki M., Morita M., Sato K.: Periosteal ganglion: a report of three new cases including MRI findings and a review of the literature. Skeletal Radiol., 25, 153–157.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 1997.
    Valls R., Melloni P., Darnell A, Munoz J., Canalies J.: Diagnostic imaging of tibial periosteal ganglion. Eur. Radiol., 7, 70–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Campanacci
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of BolognaItaly
  2. 2.Rizzoli Orthopaedic InstituteBolognaItaly

Personalised recommendations