The decay process of the natural earth material rock and stone has been well known to architects through many centuries. We do understand most phases of physical and chemical weathering as the interaction of the atmosphere with minerals and rocks, to obtain equilibrium conditions at the earth’s surface. Much less is known about the time which these processes take. An attempt is here made to summarize the present knowledge of weathering and weathering rates applied to stone attack.
KeywordsCarbonate Rock Silicate Mineral Silicate Rock Chemical Weathering Soil Atmosphere
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Boeovec, Z., and J. Neužil, 1966: Experimental weathering of feldspars by hot water. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica, 3, 207–222.Google Scholar
- 5.Ernst, Th., 1960: Probleme des „Sonnenbrandes“ basaltischer Gesteine. Z. Deutsche Geolog. Gesellschaft, 112, 178–182.Google Scholar
- 6.Geikie, A., 1880: Rock weathering as illustrated in Edinburgh church yards. Proc. of the Royal Soc. of Edinburgh, 1879/80, pp. 518–532.Google Scholar
- 9.Julien, A. A., 1884: The durability of building stones in New York City and vicinity. U.S. 10th Census, 1880, vol X, Special Rept. on Petroleum, Coke, Building Stone, Chapter V, pp. 364–384.Google Scholar
- 11.Keller, W. D., 1956: Clay minerals as influenced by environments of their formation. Bull. Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol., 40(11), 2689–2710.Google Scholar
- 13.Keller, W. D., and A. L. Reesman, 1963: Dissolved products of artificially pulverized silicate minerals and rocks, Part II. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, 33(2), 426–437.Google Scholar
- 14.Kieslinger, A., 1962: Wasserstollen im Gipsgebirge. Österr. Ingenieur-Zeitschrift, 5, 338–350.Google Scholar
- 15.Loughlin, G. F., 1931: Notes on the weathering of natural building stones. Am. Soc. Testing Materials, Proc., 3(II), 759–767.Google Scholar
- 16.Loughnan, F., 1969: Chemical weathering of silicate minerals. Elsevier Publishing Co., New York, 154 p.Google Scholar
- 18.Revelle, R., and K. O. Emery, 1957: Chemical erosion of beach rock and exposed reef rock. U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 260-T, pp. 699–709.Google Scholar
- 20.Schaller, W. T., and A. C. Vlisidis, 1959: Spontaneous oxidation of a sample of powdered siderite. American Mineralogist, 44, 433–435.Google Scholar
- 21.Strakhov, N. M., 1967: Principles of lithogenesis. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh (translation), I (245).Google Scholar
- 23.Tuthill, L. H., 1956: Hardened concrete; resistance to chemical attack. Am. Soc. Testing Materials, Spec. Techn. Publ., 169, 188–200.Google Scholar