Stone pp 87-101 | Cite as

Decay of Stone

  • Erhard M. Winkler
Part of the Applied Mineralogy book series (MINERALOGY, volume 4)


The accelerating rate of decay of cultural treasures of stone and concrete is becoming a familiar story. Fig. 72 a, 72 b, 72 c suggest the progress of decay in a sandstone sculpture, exposed to the elements since 1702 and photographed in 1908
Fig. 72

Stone decay in the industrial atmosphere of the Rhein-Ruhr; sculpture is of porous Baumberg sandstone (Upper Cretaceous) at Herten Castle near Recklinghausen, Westphalia, Germany, built in 1702. a Appearance in 1908, showing light to moderate damage, b appearance in 1969, showing almost complete destruction and ? estimate of the change in rate of decay since 1702. Photos and information supplied by Dr.Schmidt-Thomsen, Landesdenkmalamt, Westfalen-Lippe, Muenster, Germany

and 1969. The weathering damage in the first 200 years was relatively mild compared with that suffered in the 60 years of the present century.


Bulk Precipitation Photochemical Smog Automotive Exhaust Unburned Hydrocarbon Volcanic Dust 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erhard M. Winkler
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Science, Department of GeologyUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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