Frost Action on Stone
Frost damage to stone and concrete in moderate humid and semi-humid climates has long been known as a major disruptive agent which deserves attention. Frost action results from a combination of factors, such as spontaneous volumetric expansion from the water phase to the ice phase, the degree of water saturation of the pore system, the critical pore size and the continuity of the pore system.
KeywordsPore System Frost Damage Unfrozen Water Snow Fence Durability Factor
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