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Stone pp 169-175 | Cite as

Fire Resistance of Minerals and Rocks

  • Erhard M. Winkler
Part of the Applied Mineralogy book series (MINERALOGY, volume 4)

Abstract

Fire damage has frequently created problems with building stone and concrete. Urban fires have severely damaged stone, especially granites and quartz-sandstones, but also limestones, dolostones and marbles. Major conflagrations in many European cities during World War II have left behind numerous ruins as cases for detailed studies.

Keywords

Compressive Strength Phase Boundary Linear Expansion Linear Thermal Expansion Building Stone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Boyd, F. R., and J. L. English, 1960: The quartz-coesite transition. Journal Geophysical Research, 65(2), 749–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Kieslinger, A., 1954: Brandeinwirkungen auf Naturstein. Schweizer Archiv, 20, 305–308.Google Scholar
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    Rosenholtz, J. L., and D.T. Smith, 1949: Linear thermal expansion of calcite, var. Iceland spar, and Yule marble. The American Mineralogist, 34, 846–854.Google Scholar
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    Skinner, B. J., 1966: Thermal expansion. In: Handbook of Physical Constants (S. P. Clark, ed.), Geol. Soc. America Memoir 97, 75–96.Google Scholar
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    Tarr, W. A., 1915: A study of some heating tests, and the light they throw on the cause of the disintegration of granite. Economic Geology, 10, 348–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Underwriter’s Laboratory, 1964: Fire tests of building construction and materials, Standard of Safety. Underwriter’s Laboratory, Publication # 263 (1959, revised 1964), 22 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erhard M. Winkler
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Science, Department of GeologyUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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