• Fred Schäfer
  • Richard van Basshuysen


The enormous increase in the use of fossil energy sources in the industrialized nations, in particular, has caused increased pollution of the air, with vehicle exhaust emissions being a significant contributing factor. By the late 50s, initial legal standards to limit emissions of major toxic exhaust components were therefore enforced in the U.S.A. The necessity of implementing such measures that have since gained importance in virtually all industrial nations is highlighted by the forecast annual mileage in Germany shown as an example in Fig. 1.1 [1.1].


Diesel Engine Catalytic Converter Passenger Vehicle Reduce Fuel Consumption Valve Train 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. [1.1]
    Ahrens, G.A.; Becker, K.: Umwelt-und Verkehrs-Maßnahmen zur Minderung der Umweltbelastungen des Verkehrs, VDI Fortschrittberichte Nr. 150, S. 109, 1991Google Scholar
  2. [1.2]
    Metz, N.: Entwicklung der Abgasemissionen des Personenwagenverkehrs in der BRD von 1970 bis 2010, ATZ 92 (1990) 4Google Scholar
  3. [1.3]
    Barske, H.: Entwicklungspotential des Kraftstoffverbrauchs von Antriebskonzepten mit Verbrennungsmotor, 3. Aachener Kolloquium Fahrzeug und Motorentechnik, 1991Google Scholar
  4. [1.4]
    Piech, F.: 3 1/100 km im Jahr 2000, Symposium Energieverbrauch im Straßenverkehr, Wien, 1991, VDI-Verlag Nr. 158Google Scholar
  5. [1.5]
    N.N.: VDA-Jahresbericht. Auto 89/90, Sept. 1990Google Scholar
  6. [1.6]
    N.N.: Automotive fuel economy. How far should we go?, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1992Google Scholar
  7. [1.7]
    Bleviss, L.D.: The new Oil Crisis and Fuel Economy Technologies, Quorum Books, Greenwood Publishing, New York, 1988Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Schäfer
    • 1
  • Richard van Basshuysen
    • 2
  1. 1.Fachhochschule IserlohnIserlohnFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Bad WimpfenFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations