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Psychostimulanzien

  • C. Eggers

Zusammenfassung

Als Psychostimulanzien werden Substanzen bezeichnet, die eine psychisch anregende und aktivitätssteigernde Wirkung haben. Es handelt sich um chemisch sehr heterogene Pharmaka, deren stimulierende Effekte zu den frühesten Menschheitserfahrungen gehören: sie wurden aus Pflanzen gewonnen wie Ephedra vulgaris (ma huang in China), Catha edulis (Khat in Afrika) oder Erythoxylon coca (coca in Südamerika). Charakteristisch für diese Substanzen sind ein leicht euphorisierender Effekt, eine Antriebs- und Vigilanzsteigerung und eine Unterdrückung von Müdigkeit und Schlafbedürfnis.

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© Springer-Verlag Wien 1992

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  • C. Eggers

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