Radiology information system and picture archiving and communication system: interfacing and integration
In the past several years picture archiving communication systems (PACS) have become increasingly important to the practice of radiology, just as radiology information systems (RIS) several years ago became important to the practice of radiology. These systems now constitute the major infrastructure of electronic radiology practices. It has become increasingly apparent that these two systems need to communicate in a robust manner in order to optimize the operation of an electronic radiology department. In order for these systems to work together they must be interfaced or integrated throughout the radiology practice. The technology to do this integration has been developing rapidly over the last several years. This chapter will discuss the needs for interfacing RIS and PACS, the history of RIS and PACS interfacing, and future directions that RIS/PACS interfaces are taking.
KeywordsHospital Information System Radiology Information System Object Management Group Common Object Request Broker Architecture DICOM Standard
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- ActiveX for Healthcare (AHC): http://www.healthcare.agilent.com/mpgawg/
- AHC — Initiative Overview, Microsoft Healthcare Users Group, http://mshug.org/ahc/overview.asp
- Andover Working Group: http://www.healthcare.agilent.com/mpgawg/
- DICOM Home Page: http://www.nema.org/nema/medical/dicom/
- HL7: Health Level 7: http://h17.org.
- Horii SC (1996) A Nontechnical introduction to DICOM, National Electronic Manufactures’ Association. Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM). Rosslyn, Va:NEMA, PS 3.11996–3. 13–1996Google Scholar
- IHE Year 1 documentation, RNSA: http://www.rsna.org/IHE/iheyr1/ihe_yrldocs.html
- IHE year 2 scope, RSNA: http://www.rsna.org/IHE/ihe_yr2_techsum.pdf
- Jagannath VJ, Wreder K, Glicksman B, alSafadi Y (1998) Objects in healthcare — focus on standards, ACM Standards ViewGoogle Scholar
- Kim JH, Lee DH, Choi JW, Cho HI, Kang HS, Yeon KM, Han MC (1998) Three-tiered integration of PACS and HIS toward next generation total hospital information system. Medinfo 9 Pt 2: 1086–1090Google Scholar
- Kotter E, Langer MI (1998) Integrating HIS—RISPACS: the Freiburg experience. Eur Radiol 8 (9): 1707–1718. ReviewGoogle Scholar
- Kroger M, Nissen-Meyer S, Wetekam V, Reiser M (1999) [Economic effects of integrated RIS—PACS solution in the university environment]. Radiologe 39 (4): 260–268 (German)Google Scholar
- Object Managemant Group (OMG): http://www.omg.org
- Shook KA, O’Neall D, Honea R (1998) Challenges in the integration of PACS and RIS databases. J Digital Imaging 11 (3 suppl 1): 76–79Google Scholar
- Takeda H, Matsumura Y, Kondo H, Inoue M, Kondo H, Taked I, Miyabe 5 (1995) System design and implementation of HIS, RIS, and PC-based PACS at the Osaka University Hospital. Medinfo 8 Pt 1: 430–433Google Scholar