Flat panel detectors — closing the (digital) gap in chest and skeletal radiology
In the radiological department today the majority of all X-ray procedures on chest and skeletal radiography is performed with classical film-screen-systems.
Using digital luminescence radiography (DLR or CR, which stands for computed radiography) as a technique has shown a way to replace this 100 year old procedure of doing general radiography work by acquiring the X-rays digitally via phosphor screens. But this approach has faced criticism from lots of radiologists world wide and therefore hasn’t been widely accepted except in the intensive care environment.
A new technology is now rising based on the use of so called flat panel X-ray (FD) detectors. Semiconducting material detects the X-rays in digital form directly and creates an instantaneous image for display, distribution and diagnosis. This ability combined with a large field of view and — compared to existing methods — excellent detective quantum efficiency represents a revolutionary step for chest and skeletal radiography and will put basic X-ray-work back into the focus of radiological solutions.
This paper will explain the basic technology of flat panel detectors, possible system solutions based on this new technology, aspects of the user interface influencing the system utilization and versatility as well as the possibility to redefine the patient examination process for chest and skeletal radiography.
Furthermore the author discusses limitations for the first released systems, upgrades for the installed base and possible scenarios for the future, e.g. fluoroscopy or angiography application.
KeywordsAmorphous Silicon Flat Panel Detector Detective Quantum Efficiency Cesium Iodide Digital Radiography System
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