Following the discovery of digital luminescence radiology, the new technique was quickly put to use in pediatrics, where it has been used in thoracic diagnosis, neonatal care, urogenital examinations, fluoroscopy examinations, and the musculoskeletal area including traumatology. Initial reports [19,20] inspired great hopes for digital luminescence as a technology with a significant potential for dose reduction. In particular, the wide dynamic range of image plate systems (1:104, in comparison to 1:102 for conventional screen-film systems) permits wide latitude in exposure. This is an advantage especially for pediatric patients, who can vary considerably in size. The use of workstations is indispensable for optimal diagnosis, image post-processing and distribution, and telemedicine.
KeywordsPediatric Intensive Care Unit Compute Radiography Digital Radiography Digital Technique Digital Radiology
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Broderick NJ, Long B, Dreesen RG, Cohen MD, Cory DA, Katz BP, Kalasinski LA (1993) Phosphor plate computed radiography: response to variation in mAS at fixed kVP in an animal model. Potential role in neonatal imaging. Clin Radiol 47: 39–45Google Scholar
- Cleveland RH, Constantinou C, Blickman JG, Jaramillo D, Webster E (1992) Voiding Cystourethrography in Children: Value of Digital Fluoroscopy in Reducing Radiation Dose. AJR 152: 137–142Google Scholar
- Franken EA Jr, Berbaum KS, Marley SM, Smith WL, Sato Y, Kao SC, Milam SG (1992) Evaluation of a digital workstation for interpreting neonatal examinations. A receiver operating characteristic study. Invest Radiol 27: 732–737Google Scholar
- Hufton AP, Doyle SM, Carty HM (1998) Digital radiography in paediatrics: radiation dose considerations and magnitude of possible dose reduction. Br J Radio) 71: 186–199Google Scholar
- Murphey MD, Bramble JM, Cook LT, Martin NL, Dwyer SJ III (1990) Nondisplaced Fractures: Spatial Resolution Requirements for Detection with Digital Skeletal Imaging. Radiol 174: 865–870Google Scholar
- Reiner B, Siegel E, McLaurin T, Pomerantz S, Allman R, Hebel JR, Fritz S, Protopapas Z (1996) Evaluation of soft-tissue foreign bodies: comparing conventional plain film radiography, computed radiography printed on film, and computed radiography displayed on a computer workstation. AJR 167: 141–144PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shin JH, Oestmann J, Hall D, Cardenosa G, McCarthy KA, Mrose HE, Pile-Spellman E, Rubens JR, Greene RE (1989) Subtle gastric abnormalities in a canine model: detection with low-dose imaging with storage phosphors and its equivalence to conventional radiography. Radiology 172: 399–401PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Strotzer M, Gmeinwieser J, Volk M, Frund R, Seitz J, Manke C, Albrich H, Feuerbach S (1998) Clinical application of a flat-panel X-ray detector based on amorphous silicon technology: image quality and potential for radiation dose reduction in skeletal radiography. AJR 171: 23–27PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar