Motor Learning, Voluntary Movement, and Insight
All of the learning processes dealt with in Three/III/1, 2 accomplish an adaptive modification within the sensory sector only. Even in the mechanisms discussed in Three/III/3, 4, which function on the basis of a feedback of success or failure, no adaptive change is wrought in the motor pattern concerned. Motor learning becomes possible only by associating actions, as described in Three/IV/5. Simple and constantly available “multipurpose” motor patterns can be wrought into chains which can be correctly regarded as “new,” that is, not phyletically programmed movements. To the best of my knowledge the Viennese zoologist, Otto Storch (1949), was the first to call attention to the fact that Erwerbsrezeptorik, “receptor learning” preceded Erwerbsmotorik,“motor learning” in evolution, and was much more common, especially among lower animals, than motor learning.
KeywordsMotor Learn Voluntary Movement Motor Pattern Skilled Movement Locomotor Pattern
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