Learning Without Association

  • Konrad Z. Lorenz


The process of association, that is, forming a connection through individual learning between two or more experiences, was discovered and investigated by Wilhelm Wundt (1922). Since then this kind of process has become the focus of interest of almost all research concerned with learning. The conditioned response, which occupied I. P. Pavlov as well as some important American investigators at the turn of the century, is nothing other than the objective, physiological aspect of what Wundt called association. With some justification, the conditioning of responses was and still is regarded as the essense of all learning.


Sensory Organ Prey Animal Uneatable Object Sensory Adaptation Stimulus Situation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konrad Z. Lorenz
    • 1
  1. 1.ViennaAustria

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