Parkinson’s disease

  • Walther Birkmayer
  • Peter Riederer


Parkinson’s disease is always described as the typical disorder that is caused by the pathological deficiency of a particular neurotransmitter. Remarkable advances have come both from biochemical analyses in the region of the brain-stem and from the therapeutic measures that were suggested by the results of those analyses.


Anorexia Nervosa Tyrosine Hydroxylase Anticholinergic Drug Parkinsonian Patient Motor Disturbance 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walther Birkmayer
    • 1
  • Peter Riederer
    • 2
  1. 1.Birkmayer-Institut für ParkinsontherapieViennaAustria
  2. 2.Clinical Neurochemistry, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of WürzburgFederal Republic of Germany

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