Theories of Pain

  • F. L. Jenkner


The Gate Control Theory (Melzack and Wall, 1965, [182]) postulates a pain transmission gate located in the substantia gelatinosa region of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. The theory states that pain transmission through this gate is altered by sensory nerve input to this region. Subsequent research since 1965 has supported much of the Gate Control Theory and has added new dimensions to it (Wolf, [250]; 1984; Fields and Levine [66]; 1984). TENS pulse frequencies between 75 Hz and 150 Hz (cycles per second or pulses per second) are recommended to activate this mechanism (Mannheimer and Lampe, [174]; 1984). This theory would explain pain reduction only during flow of current.


Pain Relief Dorsal Horn Sensory Nerve Input Pain Transmission Endogenous Opiate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. L. Jenkner
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Vienna Medical SchoolViennaAustria
  2. 2.Georgetown UniversityUSA
  3. 3.University of ManitobaCanada

Personalised recommendations