One may assume that infantile neuraxonal dystrophy (Seitelberger disease)—once its chemical background becomes better understood—will be classified among the inherited metabolic defects. There are, however, other forms of axon dystrophy which clearly do not qualify as inherited metabolic diseases, like those associated with normal or premature aging or with toxic or nutritional derangements. Furthermore, a nonspecific swelling of axon’ upon local injury is a very common tissue response seen with a great variety of lesions. All these types of swollen axons are morphologically similar, particularly on light microscopic examination. It was considered advantageous, therefore, to review neuraxonal dystrophy within a general frame of classification of axon swellings.
KeywordsPurkinje Cell Biliary Atresia Cerebellar Atrophy Spheroid Formation Axon Swelling
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