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Dysplasias of Cerebellar Cortex

  • Reinhard L. Friede

Abstract

The following remarks amplify the basic aspects of normal cerebellar cortical development described in Chapter 1 and may help the understanding of developmental derangements in cortical architecture. Labelling with tritiated thymidine has shown that the Purkinje cells and the cells of the cerebellar nuclei originate from the division of precursors in the rhombic lip much earlier than the granule cells, basket cells and stellate cells which derive from the division of cells in the superficial granular layer of the cortex. Altman (1969) and Das and Nornes (1972) determined the time of origin of various other types of cortical neurons and added data on regional variation in maturation. In the rat, the Purkinje cells form on the 15th and 16th day of gestation, the interstitial nerve cells on the 15th through 18th day, the marginal cells on the 16th day and the Golgi cells on the 17th through 19th day. Cells intermediate between Golgi and granule cells arise on the 21st day. The earliest stock of granule cells, basket cells and stellate cells appears near birth in the nodulus and flocculus. In other portions of the cerebellar cortex the formation of these cells occurs entirely during the postnatal period. Regional differences in maturation are superimposed on this general schedule of cell types. The lingula and the nodule of the vermis mature before the tuber, the clive and culmen, and all show earlier maturation in the depth of the fissures than at the top of the sulci.

Keywords

Purkinje Cell Granule Cell Molecular Layer Cerebellar Cortex Granular Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhard L. Friede
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.University of ZurichSwitzerland

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