Advertisement

Dysplasias of Cerebral Hemispheric Organization

  • Reinhard L. Friede

Abstract

The facial deformities associated with holoprosencephaly are—as those of anencephaly— obvious and unmistakable, and early descriptions go back to the medieval literature (Frutiger, 1969). The first reports on the morbid anatomy were published during the nineteenth century, but the classification and identification of the characteristic morphologic features of these lesions is based on the comprehensive treatise of Kundrat (1882). A considerable number of reports on cyclopia and arhinencephaly in man and domesticated animals were published during the first half of this century and were reviewed by Köhn (1952). More recently, series of cases were studied by Yakovlev (1959), De Myer et al. (1964), Robain and Gorce (1972), and Jellinger and Gross (1973).

Keywords

Corpus Callosum Olfactory Bulb Septum Pellucidum Cavum Septi Pellucidi Facial Deformity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aicardi, J., Chevrie, J. J., Rousselie, F.: Le syndrome: spasmes en flexion, agénésie calleuse, anomalies choriorétiniennes.. Arch. franç Pédiat. 26: 1103–1120, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bain, A. D., Gauld, I. K.: Multiple congenital abnormalities associated with ring chromosome. Lancet 2: 304–305, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baker, R. C., Graves, G. O.: Partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 29: 1054–1065, 1933.Google Scholar
  4. Binns, W., James, L. F., Shupe, J. L., Tacker, E. J.: Cyclopian-type malformation in lambs. Arch. environm. Hlth (Chic.) 5: 106–108, 1962.Google Scholar
  5. Carpenter, M. B., Druckemiller, W. H.: Agenesis of the corpus callosum during life. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 69: 305–322, 1953.Google Scholar
  6. Carrier, H., Bethenod, M., Gilly, J.,et al.: A propos d’un cas d’arhinencéphalie simple. Ann. Pediat. 21: 96–100, 1974.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, M. M.: Chromosomal mosaicism associated with a case of cyclopia. J. Pediat. 69: 793–798, 1966.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dandy, W. E.: Congenital cerebral cysts of the cavum septi pellucidi (fifth ventricle) and cavum Vergae (sixth ventricle). Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. (Chic.) 25: 44–66, 1931.Google Scholar
  9. Davidoff, L. M., Dyke, C. G.: Agenesis of the corpus callosum. Its diagnosis by encephalography. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 32: 1–10, 1934.Google Scholar
  10. Dekaban, A. S.: Arhinencephaly in an infant born to a diabetic mother. J. Neuropath. exp. Neurol. 18: 620–626, 1959.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dekaban, A. S., Magee, K. R.: Occurrence of neurologic abnormalities in infants of diabetic mothers. Neurology (Minneap.) 8: 193–200, 1958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. de Morsier, G.: Agénésie du septum lucidum avec malformation du tractus optique. La dysplasie septo-optique. Schweiz. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 77: 267–292, 1956.Google Scholar
  13. De Myer, W.: The median cleft face syndrome. Neurology (Minneap.) 17: 961–971, 1967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. De Myer, W., Zeman, W., Palmer, C. G.: The face predicts the brain: diagnostic signihcance ot median facial anomalies for holoprosencephaly (arhinencephaly). Pediatrics 34: 256–263, 1964.Google Scholar
  15. Dolgopol, V. B.: Absence of the septum pellucidum as the only anomaly in the brain. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. (Chic.) 40: 1244–1248, 1938.Google Scholar
  16. Edmonds, H. W.: Pituitary, adrenal and thyroid in cyclopia. Arch. Path. 50: 727–735, 1950.Google Scholar
  17. Ettlinger, G., Blakemore, C. B., Milner, A. D., Wilson, M. J.: Agenesis of the corpus callosum: A further behavioural investigation. Brain 97: 225–234, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fine, R. N., Wang, M., Heath, C.: Nuclear projections of neutrophils in the 13–15 trisomy. Pediatrics 35: 712–714, 1965.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Frutiger, P.: Zur Frage der Arhinencephalie. Acta anat. (Basel) 73: 410–430, 1969.Google Scholar
  20. Gorlin, R. J., Yunis, J., Anderson, V. E.: Short arm deletion of chromosome 18 in cebocephaly. Amer. J. Dis. Child. 115: 473–476, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Grogono, J. L.: Children with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Develop. Med. Child. Neurol. 10: 613–616, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gross, H., Hoff, H.: Sur les malformations ventriculaires dépendantes des dysgénésies commissurales. In: Malformations congénitales du Cerveau (Heuyer, Feld, and Gruner, eds.), pp. 329–351. Paris: Masson 1959.Google Scholar
  23. Gross, H., Jellinger, K.: Morphologische Aspekte zerebraler Mißbildungen. Häufigkeit und diagnostische Probleme im Rahmen kindlicher Hirnschäden. Wien. Z. Nervenheilk. 27: 9–37, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Haworth, J. C., Medovy, H., Lewis, A. J.: Cebocephaly with endocrine dysgenesis. J. Pediat. 59: 726–733, 1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hegner, B.: Klinisch-anatomischer Beitrag zur Frage gekoppelter Mißbildungen nach Varicelleninfektion. Acta anat. 60: 422–442, 1965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hicks, S. P.: Developmental malformations produced by radiation. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 69: 272–293, 1953.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Hintz, R. L., Menking, M., Sotos, J. F.: Familial holoprosencephaly with endocrine dysgenesis. J. Pediat. 72: 81–87, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ingalls, T. H., Murakami, V.: Cyclopia, ectromelia and other monstrosities in zebra fish. Arch. environm. Hlth (Chic.) 5: 114–121, 1962.Google Scholar
  29. Innes, J. R. M., Saunders, L. Z.: Comparative Neuropathology. New York: Academic Press 1962.Google Scholar
  30. Jellinger, K., Gross, H.: Holoprosencephalie und Arhinencephalie. In: Current Topics in Neuropathology (Jellinger, K., ed.), pp. 62–71. Wien: Facultas 1973.Google Scholar
  31. Kakulas, B. A., Rosman, N. P.: 13–15 trisomy in 8 cases of arhinencephaly. Lancet 2: 717–718, 1965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Khan, M., Rozdilsky, R., Gerrard, J. W.: Familial holoprosencephaly. Develop. Med. Child. Neurol. 12: 71–76, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. King, L. S.: Hereditary defects of the corpus callosum in the mouse. J. comp. Neurol. 64: 337–363, 1936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Klopstock, A.: Familiäres Vorkommen von Cyklopie und Arhinencephalie. Mschr. Geburtsh. Gynäk. 56: 59–71, 1921.Google Scholar
  35. Köhn, K.: Ober die Arhinenzephalie. Abl. allg. Path. 88: 246–258, 1952.Google Scholar
  36. Kundrat, H.: Arhinencephalie als typische Art von Mißbildung. Graz: Leuschner and Lubensky 1882.Google Scholar
  37. Lewis, W. H.: The experimental production of cyclopia in the fish embryo (Fundulus heteroclitus). Anat. Rec. 3: 175–181, 1909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. List, C. F., Holt, J. F., Everett, M.: Lipoma of the corpus callosum. A clinicopathologic study. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 55: 125–134, 1946.Google Scholar
  39. Loeser, J. D., Alvord, E. C.: Clinicopathological correlations in agenesis of the corpus callosum. Neurology (Minneap.) 18: 745–756, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Loeser, J. D., Alvord, E. C.: Agenesis of the corpus callosum. Brain 91: 553–570, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Marburg, O.: So-called agenesia of the corpus callosum (callosal defect). Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 61: 297–312, 1949.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Menkes, J. H., Philippart, M., Clark, D. B.: Hereditary partial agenesis of corpus callosum. Arch. Neurol. (Chic.) 11: 198–208, 1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Naiman, J., Frazer, F. C.: Agenesis of the corpus callosum. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 74: 182–185, 1955.Google Scholar
  44. Nitowsky, H. M., Sindharananda, N., Konigsberg, U. R., Weinberg, T.: Partial 18 monosomy in the cyclops malformation. Pediatrics 37: 260–269, 1966.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Onufwrowicz, W.: Das balkenlose Mikrocephalengehirn Hoffmann. Arch. Psychiat. 18: 305–328, 1887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Patel, H., Dolman, C. L., Byrne, M. A.: Holoprosencephaly with median cleft lip. Clinical, pathological, and echoencephalographic study. Amer. J. Dis. Child. 124: 217–221, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Probst, M.: Ober den Bau des vollständig balkenlosen Großhirns sowie über Mikrogyrie und Heterotopie der grauen Substanz. Arch. Psychiat. 34: 709–786, 1901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Reil, J. C.: Mangel des mittleren und freien Teils des Balkens im Menschengehirn. Arch. Physiol. 11: 341–344, 1812.Google Scholar
  49. Renier, W., Gabreels, F., Mol, L., Korten, J.: Agenesis of the corpus callosum, chorioretinopathy and infantile spasms (Aicardi syndrome). Psychiat. Neurol. Neurochir. 76: 39–45, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Robain, O., Gorce, F.: Arhinencephalie. Etude clinique, anatomique et étiologique de 13 cas. Arch. franç. Pédiat. 29: 861–879, 1972.Google Scholar
  51. Rogers, K. T.: Experimental production of perfect cyclopia in the chick by means of LiLI with a survey of the literature on cyclopia produced experimentally by various means. Develop. Biol. 8: 129–150, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Schwidde, J. T.: Incidence of cavum septi pellucidi and cavum Vergae in 1,032 human brains. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. (Chic.) 67: 625–632, 1952.Google Scholar
  53. Sedano, H. O., Cohen, M. M., Jirasok, J., Gorlin, R. J.: Frontonasal dysplasia. Pediatrics 76: 906–913, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Stewart, R. M.: Arhinencephaly. J. Neurol. Psychiat. (Chic.) 2: 303–312, 1939.Google Scholar
  55. Stockard, C. R.: The artificial production of one-eyed monsters and other defects, which occur in nature. bv the use of chemicals. Anat. Rec. 3: 167–173, 1909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Unterharnscheidt, F., Jachnik, D., Gott, H.: Der Balkenmangel. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Soringer 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Warkany, J., Passarge, E., Smith, L. B.: Congenital malformations in autosomal trisomy syndromes. Amer. j. Dis. Child. 112: 502–517, 1966.Google Scholar
  58. Wolf, A., Bamford, T. E.: Cavum septi pellucidi and cavum Vergae. Bull. Neurol. Inst. New York 4: 294–309, 1935.Google Scholar
  59. Wright, S.: The genetics of vital characters of the guinea pig. J. cell. comp. Physiol. (Philadelphia) 56: 123–151, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Yalovlev, P. I.: Pathoarchitectonic studies of cerebral malformations. J. Neuropath. exp. Neurol. 18: 22–55, 1959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhard L. Friede
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.University of ZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations