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Chemistry of Viruses

  • C. A. Knight
Part of the Protoplasmatologia book series (PROTOPLASMATOL., volume 4 / 2)

Abstract

Near the end of the 19th century, the Netherlands scientist, Martinus W. Beijerinck, performed some experiments which were to have far-reaching consequences in science. Working with the sap expressed from leaves of mosaic-diseased tobacco plants, Beijerinck (1898 a, b; and see, Van Iterson et al. 1940) showed that the infectious agent causing mosaic disease was so small that it passed through exceedingly fine, bacteria-retaining filters, and also that it diffused at a measurable rate through blocks of agar gel. To this unprecedentedly small pathogen, Beijerinck applied the terms “contagium vivum fluidum” (contagious living fluid) or “virus”.

Keywords

Influenza Virus Mosaic Virus Tabacco Mosaic Virus Viral Nucleic Acid Animal Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Knight
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Virology and Virus LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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