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The Utility of Automated Systems in the Search for Extraterrestrial Life

  • Orr E. Reynolds
  • Harold P. Klein
Conference paper

Abstract

The Utility of Automated Systems in the Search for Extraterrestrial Life. The prospect of examination of other planets, especially Mars, for forms of life have given rise to the development of a number of concepts for “life detection”. These all require a considerable degree of automaticity in that a sample must be secured, processed in some way, and one or another property of the sample studied as evidence of a material or process attributable to a living form. The many unknowns concerning the Martian environment, coupled with great communication distance, leads us to consider a further level of automation, such as the programming of individual experiments so that early experiments can influence the conduct of later ones, the scanning of experimental results automatically so as to select the best information for transmission and the like. The prospects for success in developing such a system are discussed.

Keywords

Terrestrial Organism Life Detection Extraterrestrial Life Racemic Amino Acid Simple Peptide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

L’utilité des systèmes automatisés dans Pétude de la vie extra-terrestre. La perspective d’examiner d’autres planètes, et en particuler Mars, en ce qui concerne les formes do vie, a donné naissance à un certain nombre d’idées d’expériences pour la «détection de la vie». Toutes exigent un degré élevé d’automaticité; un échantillon doit être prélevé, traitó d’une certaine façon et l’une de ses propriétés étudiée pour chercher la preuve de l’existence d’une substance ou d’un processus attribuable a une forme de vie. De nombreuses incoimues concernant l’environnement de Mars, jointes a la distance de communication très grande, nous ont conduits à considérer un niveau supérieur d’automation tel que la programmation d’expériences individuelles faite en sorte que les premières expériences influencent la conduite des suivantes, tel que l’exploration automatique des résultats expérimentaux de façon à choisir les meilleures informations à transmettre et autres choses du même genre. Nous discutons ici les chances de succès dans la mise au point de tels systèmes.

Аннотации

Применение автоматических систем при изучении жизни вне земли. Перспективы изучения других планет, особенно Марса в целях обнаружения каких-либо форм жизни привели к развитию ряда концепций „обнаружения жизни”. Все это требует значительной степени автоматизации в том отношении, что проба должна быть отобрана, определенным образом обработана и те или иные ее свойства должны быть изучены как проявление вещества или процесса, относимых к живой форме. Множество неизвестных относительно среды на Марсе, а также сложность осуществления связи на такое огромное расстояние заставляют нас изучать вопросы дальнейшего повышения уровня автоматизации, как то: программирование отдельных экспериментов с тем, чтобы прошлые эксперименты могли учитываться при проведении позднейших, автоматическая обработка результатов экспериментов для выборки наиболее важной информации для передачи и т.п. Рассматриваются перспективы успешного развития такой системы.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Orr E. Reynolds
    • 1
    • 2
  • Harold P. Klein
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.NASA HeadquartersUSA
  2. 2.Ames Research CenterNASA, Moffett FieldCaliforniaUSA

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