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Physiological, Behavioral, and Subjective Reactions to Stress

  • Marianne Frankenhaeuser
Conference paper

Abstract

Physiological, Behavioral, and Subjective Reactions to Stress. Some experimental approaches to the problem of psychological stress are outlined.
  1. (1)

    The influence of intensity and duration of a stressor is illustrated by data from an experiment concerning unpleasantness and subjective duration as functions of intensity and duration of electrical stimulation.

     
  2. (2)

    Data from experiments on habituation to gravitational stress and perceptual conflict are presented, which demonstrate a close quantitative relationship between the intensity of the subjective reactions on the one hand, and adrenaline excretion and tissue conductance, on the other.

     
  3. (3)

    Relations between actual and estimated performance as influenced by variations in activation level are discussed on the basis of experimental data.

     
  4. (4)

    Relations between physiological reactions and performance are illustrated by experiments concerned with the rate of catecholamine excretion during mental work.

     
  5. (5)

    Experiments are described which illustrate interactions between different stimuli as well as the influence of expectation on objective and subjective reactions in laboratory test situations.

     

Keywords

Physiological Reaction Objective Performance Color Word Tissue Conductance Subjective Performance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

Réactions au stresse aux points de vue physiologiques, subjectif et du comportement. On rend compte ici de quelques essais expérimentaux sur le problème du stresse psychologique.
  1. 1.

    L’influence de l’intensité et de la durée d’action d’un excitateur est illustrée par les résultats d’une experience déterminant le caractère désagréable et la durée subjective en fonction de l’intensité et de la durée d’une stimulation électrique.

     
  2. 2.

    Des résultats expérimentaux sur l’accoutumance au stresse gravitationnel et au choc perceptif montrent une relation quantitative précise entre l’intensité des réactions subjectives d’une part et la sécrétion d’adrénaline et la conductance des tissus d’autre part.

     
  3. 3.

    On discute, en se basant sur des résultats expérimentaux, des relations entre l’activité réelle et celle qu’on peut prévoir sous Taction de variations du niveau d’excitation.

     
  4. 4.

    Les relations entre les réactions physiologiques et les performances sont illustrées par des expériences relatives à la vitesse d’excrétien de catécholamine pendant le travail mental.

     
  5. 5.

    On décrit des expériences qui illustrent les interactions entre différents stimuli de même que l’influence de l’attente sur les réactions objectives et subjectives.

     

Аннотации

Психологические, физиологические и субъективные реакции на факторы нагрузки. Излагаются некоторые экспериментальные подходы к проблеме психологической нагрузки.
  1. 1.

    Влияние интенсивности и длительности действия фактора нагрузки иллюстрируется данными эксперимента по изучению неприятного ощущения и субъективной выносливости в зависимости от интенсивности и от длительности электрического возбуждения.

     
  2. 2.

    Приводятся данные экспериментов по изучению привыкания к гравитационной нагрузке и конфликта восприятия, которые показывают тесную количественную связь между интенсивностью субъективных реакций, с одной стороны, и выделением адреналина и проводимостью тканей, с другой стороны.

     
  3. 3.

    На основе экспериментальных данных рассматриваются связи между действительным и предполагаемым состоянием под влиянием колебаний уровня возбуждения.

     
  4. 4.

    Отношения между физиологическими реакциями и психической работоспособностью иллюстрируются при помощи опыта, рассматривающего выделение адреналина и норадреналина во время умственной работы.

     
  5. 5.

    Дается описание экспериментов, иллюстрирующих взаимодействие между различными возбудителями, а также влияние ожидания на объективные и субъективные реакции.

     

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianne Frankenhaeuser
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychological LaboratoriesUniversity of StockholmSweden

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