Seismic Isolation Development in Europe

  • M. C. Constantinou
Part of the CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 345)


This section presents a brief account of the development and application of seismic (or base) isolation in Europe. It appears that the first documented attempts to mitigate seismic hazard by seismic isolation were made in Europe.


Natural Rubber Isolation System Vibration Isolation Seismic Isolation Base Isolation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Buckle, I. G. and Mayes, R.L. (1990). “Seismic isolation history, application, and performance- a world view.” Earthquake Spectra, 6(2), 161–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Delfosse, G.C. (1977). “The Gapec system: a new highly effective seismic system.” Proc. 6th WCEE, 3, 1135–1140, New Delhi, India,Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Derham, C.J. (1982). “Basic principles of base isolation.” Proc. International Conference on Natural Rubber for Earthquake Protection of Buildings and Vibration Isolation,” 65–81, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eisenberg, J.M., Melentyev, A.M., Smirnov, V.I. and Nemykin, A.N. (1992). “Applications of seismic isolation in the USSR,” Proc. 10th WCEE, Vol. 4, 2039–2046, Madrid.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guéraud, R., Noel-Leroux, J. P., Livolant, M. and Michalopoulos, A.P. (1985). “Seismic isolation using sliding-elastomer bearing pads,” Nuclear Engrg. and Design, 84, 363–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Huffmann, G.K. (1985). “Full base isolation for earthquake protection by helical springs and viscodampers.” Nuclear Engineering and Design, 84, 331–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ikonomou, A.S. (1972). “The Earthquake guarding system.” Technica Chronica, 879–898, October (in Greek and English).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ikonomou, A.S. (1984). “Alexisismon seismic isolation levels for translational and rotational seismic input.” Proc. 8th WCEE, V, 957–982, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kelly, J.M. (1986). “Seismic base isolation: review and bibliography.” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 5(3), 202–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kelly, J.M. (1991). “Base isolation: origins and development.” EERC News, 12(1), 1–3.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Makris, N. and Constantinou, M.C. (1991). “Fractional derivative Maxwell model for viscous dampers.” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 117(9), 2708–2724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Makris, N. and Constantinou, M.C (1992). “Spring-viscous damper systems for combined seismic and vibration isolation.” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 21(8), 649–664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Makris, N. Constantinou, M.C. and Dargush, G. (1993). “Analytical model of viscoelastic fluid dampers.” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 119 (11), 3310–3325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Martelli, A., Parducci, A. and Forni, M. (1993). “Innovative seismic design techniques in Italy.” Proc. ATC-17–1 Seminar on Seismic Isolation, Passive Energy Dissipation, and Active Control, March, San Francisco, CA.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Medeot, R. (1991). “The evolution of seismic devices for bridges in Italy.” 3rd World Congress on Joint Sealing and Bearing Systems for Concrete Structures, Vol. 2, 1295–1320, Toronto.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pavot, B. and Polust, E. (1979). “Seismic bearing pads.” Tribology International, 12(3), 107–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Plichon, C., Guéraud, R., Richli, M.H. and Casagrande, J.F. (1980). “Protection of nuclear power plants against seism.” Nuclear Technology, 49, 295–306.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Staudacher, K. (1985). “Protection for structures in extreme earthquakes: full base isolation (3-D) by the Swiss Seismafloat system.” Nuclear Engineering and Design, 84, 343–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Constantinou
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations