Advertisement

Biomechanics of Walking Up Stairs

  • Aurelio Cappozzo
  • Tommaso Leo
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 201)

Summary

Some results concerning the kinematics and dynamics of walking up stairs are presented. In particular the kinematics variables are analysed by a Fourier series expansion, and the muschular moments at the lower limbs articulations are computed according to a mechanical model of the system: some energetical considerations are also included.

The results are presented in order to be used in synthesis studies and design of humanlike walking machines. The experimental and analytical method applied is a general one for the study of repetitive locomotory acts.

Keywords

Stance Phase Swing Phase Human Locomotion Extensorial Torque Energetical Consideration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    MORRISON J.B., “Function of the Knee Joint in various Activities; Bio-Medical Engineering, v. 4, n. 12, dec. 1969, pp. 573–580.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    CHOW C.K., JACOBSON D.H.,“Studies of Human Locomotion via Optimal Programming; Mathematical Biosciences, v. 10, 1971, pp. 239–306.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    VUKOBRATOVIC M., JURICIC D., Contribution to the Synthesis of Biped Gait, “ IEEE Trans. on Bio-Medical Engineering, v. 16, n. 1, Jan 1969, pp. 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    PEDOTTI A., CAPOZZO A., GILARDI L., “Analisi del coordinamento muscolare nella deambulazione;’ I Convegno-Mostra di Bioingegneria, Milano, June 1972.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    BERTUZZI A., LEO T., MONTELEONE M., VITELLI R.,“Improvements of Human Locomotion by Powered Lower Limb Prostheses’, 4-th Int. Symp. on External Control of Human Extremities. Dubrovnik 28/8–4/9, 1972Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    BRESLER B., FRANKEL J.P.,“The Forces and Moments in the Leg during Level Walking’ ASME Trans., Jan 1950, pp. 27–36.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    DRILLIS R., CONTINI R.,“Body Segment Parameters’,’ Tech. Rep. 1166. 03 Res. Div., School of Engng.; New York University, Sept. 1966.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    MURRAY M.P. et al.,“Walking Patterns of Normal Men,’ J. Bone Joint Surgery, v. 46-A,, n.2, Marc 1964, pp. 335–360.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    PAUL J.P., Forces Transmitted by Joints in the Human Body, Proc. Instn. Mechanical Engrs., v. 181, pt. 3J, 1966–67, pp. 7–15.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    CAPOZZO A., LEO T., PEDOTTI A., °General computing method for analysis of human locomotion, to be published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurelio Cappozzo
    • 1
  • Tommaso Leo
    • 2
  1. 1.Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, I Cattedra di Fisiologia UmanaUniversità di RomaRoma
  2. 2.Centro di Studio dei Sistemi di Controllo e Calcolo Automatici Istituto di Automatica dell’Università di RomaC.N.R.Roma

Personalised recommendations