Design Criteria for Aluminium Structures: Technology, Codification and Applications

  • F. M. Mazzolani
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 443)


The aluminium and its alloys, from a structural engineering point of view, can be considered as a ‘new’ material (Mazzolani, 1998a). In fact, the first building structures made of aluminium alloy appeared in Europe in the early fifties, when concrete, masonry and steel were the main materials used for civil engineering structures. The aeronautical industry was one of the first fields which benefited of the aluminium alloys physical properties, so much used because there are not other metallic materials which can compete with it. Aluminum alloys are widely and successfully used to build airships, from the early Schwartz and Zeppelin until the modern aircrafts. Nowadays the aluminium alloys are also used in other branches of transportation, such as the rail industry (subway coaches, sleeping cars), the automotive industry (part of cars, containers for trucks, moving cranes) and the shipping industry (civil and military hydrofoils, motorboats). The offshore industry is the largest user of aluminium alloys for structural applications: the helicopter decks and the living quarters of the platforms are an example of structures where aluminium has replaced steel, which in general is the most widely used material for the structural applications. Considering that the first commercial applications of aluminium at the beginning of 20th Century were objects such as mirror frames, house numbers and servings trays, without counting the cooking utensils, which were a major early market, we can recognize the entering into structural engineering for aluminium alloys was not a very simple and easy process. After many difficulties, today it can be recognized that aluminium and its alloys can be considered as a new and competitive material in civil and structural engineering applications (Mazzolani, 1995b, 1999).


Aluminium Alloy Corrosion Resistance Design Criterion Plastic Hinge Suspension Bridge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ALCAN OFFSHORE. The design guide on the use of aluminium in offshore structures.Google Scholar
  2. Aprile, A., Benedetti, A. (1998). On the optional design of aluminium space frame structures. Costruzioni Metalliche, n.l.Google Scholar
  3. Ballio, G., Bonauguro, M., Buzzi, R., Vintani, A. (1993). The aluminium alloy covering of the Alghero (SS) Convention Center. XIV C.T.A. Congress, Viareggio, October,1993.Google Scholar
  4. Bruzzese, E., Cappelli, M., Mazzolani, F.M. (1989). Experimental investigation on aluminiumconcrete beams. Costruzioni Metalliche, 11.5.Google Scholar
  5. Bruzzese, E., De Martino, A., Mandara, A., Mazzolani, F.M. (1991). Aluminium-concrete systems: behavioural parameters. International Conference on Steel & Aluminium Structures, Singapore, May.Google Scholar
  6. Bulson, P.S. (1992). The New British Design Code for Aluminium BS 8118. In Proceeding of the 5 61 International Conference on Aluminium Weldments,INALCO, Munich.Google Scholar
  7. CEN-TC250/SC9 (1998). Eurocode n. 9 “Design of aluminium structures”. ENV 1999–1.1; 1999–1. 2; 1999–2.Google Scholar
  8. CIDA (1972). Structures in aluminium Aluminium - Verlag, Dusseldorf.Google Scholar
  9. Cruickshank, D. (1995). The Dome of Discovery. Architectural Review, January, 1995.Google Scholar
  10. De Matteis, G, Landolfo, R. and Mazzolani, F.M. (2001a). Experimental analysis of aluminium T-stubs: framing of the research activity. In Proceeding of the 8th International Conference on Joints in Aluminium,INALCO, Munich.Google Scholar
  11. De Matteis, G, Mandara, A. and Mazzolani, F.M. (1998). Numerical Analysis for T-Stub Aluminium Joints. In Proceeding of the Irst International Conference Engineering Computational Technology,Edinburgh, Scotland.Google Scholar
  12. De Matteis, G, Mandara, A. and Mazzolani, EM. (2001b). Calculation method for aluminium T-stubs: a revision of EC3 annex J. In Proceeding of the 8th International Conference on Joints in Aluminium,INALCO, Munich.Google Scholar
  13. European Convention for Constructional Steelworks (1978). European Recommendation for Aluminium Alloy Structures. ECCS doc.Google Scholar
  14. Forsén, N.E. (1995). Fire Resistance, Chapter 10. In Mazzolani F.M. (1995). Aluminium Alloy Structures (second edition), E & FN SPON, an imprint of Chapman & Hall, London.Google Scholar
  15. Koser, J. (1982). Optmization of a welded aluminium girder. Second International Conference on Aluminium Weldments. Munich, May 1982.Google Scholar
  16. Kosteas, D. (1992). European Recommendation for Fatigue Design of Aluminium Structures, In Proceeding of the 5th International Conference on Aluminium Weldments,INALCO, Munich.Google Scholar
  17. Landolfo, R., Mazzolani, F.M. (1995). Different approaches in the design of slender aluminium alloy sections. In Proceedings of ICSAS ‘85,Istanbul.Google Scholar
  18. Landolfo, R., Mazzolani, F.M. (1997). The Background of EC9 design curves for slender sections. In in Volume in honor of Prof J. Lindner.Google Scholar
  19. Landolfo, R., Mazzolani, F.M., Mele, E. (1989). Riesame dei ponti sospesi di Montmerle e Groslée: confronto fra acciaio e alluminio (“Re-exam of the Montmerle and Groslée suspended bridges: comparison between steel and aluminium”), XII C. TA. Congress, Capri, Italy, October.Google Scholar
  20. Mandara, A., Mazzolani, EM. (1995). Behavioural aspects and ductility demand of aluminium alloy structures. In Proceedings of ICSAS ‘85,Istanbul.Google Scholar
  21. Mazzolani, F.M. (1981). European recommendations for aluminium alloy. Structures and their comparison with national standards. In 7` h International light metal congress,Vienna.Google Scholar
  22. Mazzolani, F.M. (1985). A new aluminium crane bridge for sewage treatment plants. In Proceedings of the 3 rd International Conference on Aluminium Weldments. Munich.Google Scholar
  23. Mazzolani, F.M. (1988). L’impiego delle leghe di alluminio nel restauro dei ponti sospesi (“The use of the aluminium alloys in the refurbishment of suspended bridges”). 3rd National Congress ASS.I.R. CO. Catania, Italy, November.Google Scholar
  24. Mazzolani, F.M. (1989). Torre in Lega di alluminio per antenne paraboliche (Tower in aluminium alloy for parabolic antennas). Alluminio e Leghe, n. 2.Google Scholar
  25. Mazzolani, F.M. (1990). Il restauro strutturale del ponte Real Ferdinando sul Garigliano (“The structural restauration of the Real Ferdinando bridge on the Garigliano river”). Costruzioni Metalliche, n. 2.Google Scholar
  26. Mazzolani, F.M. (1995). Aluminium Alloy Structures ( second edition ), E & FN SPON, an imprint of Chapman & Hall, London.Google Scholar
  27. Mazzolani, F.M. (1995). Globaal overzicht van constructieve aluminium toepassingen in Europa. Aluminium in Beweging, Utrecht.Google Scholar
  28. Mazzolani, F.M. (1995). Stability problems of aluminium alloy members: the ECCS methodology. In Structural Stability and Design (eds. Kitipornchai S., Hancock G.J. and Bradford M.A. ), Balkema, Rotterdam.Google Scholar
  29. Mazzolani, F.M. (1998a). New developments in the design of aluminium structures. In Proceedings of the 3rd National Conference on Steel Structures. Thessaloniki. Greece.Google Scholar
  30. Mazzolani, F.M. (1998b). Design of aluminium structures accordino to EC9. Proceeding of the Nordic Steel Conference, Norway, September.Google Scholar
  31. Mazzolani, F.M. (1998c). L’ alluminio ed il restauro strutturale dei ponti sospesi: il “Real Ferdinando” sul Garigliano. Restauro n.146/98, October-December, 1998.Google Scholar
  32. Mazzolani, F.M. (1999). The structural use of aluminium design and application. Int. Conf ICSAS, Espoo,Helsinki,Finland.Google Scholar
  33. Mazzolani, F.M. (2001). The use of aluminium in the restoration of the “Real Ferdinando” bridge on the Garigliano river. In Festschrift Ehren Von Prof. Dr. Ing. Günther Valtinat ( J. Priebe & U. Eberwien eds). Anzeiger, Rhauderfehn, September 2001.Google Scholar
  34. Mazzolani, F.M., Frey, F. (1977). Buckling behaviour of aluminium alloy extruded members. Proceedings of the Second International Colloquium on Stability of Steel Structures. Liège, April 1977.Google Scholar
  35. Mazzolani, F.M., Mandara, A. (1997). Plastic Design of Aluminium - Concrete Composite Sections: a Simplified Method. Proceedings of the International Conference on composite Construction - Conventional and Innovative. Innsbruck, Austria.Google Scholar
  36. Mazzolani, F.M., Mele, E. (1997). Use of Aluminium Alloys in Retrofitting Ancient Suspension Bridges. Proceedings of the International Conference on composite Construction - Conventional and Innovative. Innsbruck, Austria.Google Scholar
  37. Mazzolani, F.M., Piluso, V. (1988). Le possibilità d’impiego delle leghe d’alluminio nel campo delle strutture reticolari spaziali (“The possibilities of use of aluminium alloys in the field of reticular space structures”). L’edilizia e l’industrializzazione, n. 6.Google Scholar
  38. Mazzolani, F.M., Piluso, V. (1995). Prediction of rotation capacity of aluminium alloy beams. In Proceedings ofICSAS ‘85,Istanbul.Google Scholar
  39. Mazzolani, F.M., Valtinat G (1987). ECCS activity in the field of buckling of aluminium alloy members. In I“ International conference on steel and aluminium structures, Cardiff, (eds. Narayaman R. ), Elsevier applied science.Google Scholar
  40. Mazzolani, F.M., De Matteis, G, Mandara, A. (1996a). Classification system for aluminium alloy connections. In Proceedings of IABSE Colloquium,Istanbul.Google Scholar
  41. Mazzolani, F.M., Piluso, V., Rizzano, G.V. (1997). Numerical simulation of aluminium stocky hollow members under uniform compression. In Proceeding of 5 1 “ International Colloquium on Stability and Ductility of Steel Structures,SDSS ‘87, Nagoya.Google Scholar
  42. Mazzolani, F.M., Faella, C., Piluso, V., Rizzano, G (1996b). Experimental analysis of aluminium alloy SHS-members subjected to local buckling under uniform compression. In Proceeding of 5 1t International Colloquium on Structural Stability,SSRC, Brazilian Session, Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  43. Sharp, M.L. (1993). Behaviour and Design of Aluminium Structures. McGraw-Hill, Inc.Google Scholar
  44. TALAT (1995). Training in Aluminium Application Technologies. Edited by Friedrich Ostermann.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. M. Mazzolani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Structural Analysis and DesignUniversity of Naples “Federico II”Italy

Personalised recommendations